DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Trend of Carbon Fiber-reinforced Composites for Lightweight Vehicles

자동차 경량화를 위한 탄소섬유강화 복합재료의 동향

  • Received : 2012.01.04
  • Accepted : 2012.02.13
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

Recently, the need of developing eco-friendly materials has been required with restriction strengthening on environment and energy saving by the resource depletion worldwide. These trends are not an exception in transport industry including automobile. In addition, these materials have to fulfill not only the high quality and cheap price but also the high-performance which meet the needs of costumer and society. Among the various materials, carbon fiber-reinforced composite which is actively studying for lightweight of the automobile is one of the most suitable candidates. Indeed, the carbon fiber-reinforced composites are used as the essential materials to substitute body and other parts in automobile and the demand is increasing largely. Carbon fiber-applied automobile has improved brake, steering, durability and high fuel efficiency, leading to the energy conservation and minimizing carbon dioxide emissions. This paper focuses on the necessity of carbon fiber-reinforced composites for lightweight of automobile and its technical trends.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 지식경제부

References

  1. H. Adam, "Carbon fibre in automotive applications", Mater. Design, 18, 349 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-3069(97)00076-9
  2. S.J. Park and M.K. Seo, "The effects of $MoSi_{2}$ on the oxidation behavior of carbon/carbon composites", Carbon, 39, 1229 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(00)00248-7
  3. W.S. Miller, L. Zhuang, J. Bottema, A.J. Wittebrood, P. De Smet, A. Haszler, and A. Vieregge, "Recent development in aluminium alloys for the automotive industry", Mater. Sci. Eng., A280, 37 (2000).
  4. G.S. Cole and A.M. Sherman, "Light weight materials for automotive applications", Mater. Charact., 35, 3 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1016/1044-5803(95)00063-1
  5. S.W. Lee and D.G. Lee, "Composite hybrid valve lifter for automotive engines", Compos. Struct., 71, 26 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2004.09.014
  6. S.U. Khan, A. Munir, R. Hussain, and J. K. Kim, "Fatigue damage behaviors of carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy composites containing nanoclay", Compos. Sci. Technol., 70, 2077 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2010.08.004
  7. R.H. Dauskardt, R.O. Ritchie, and B.N. Cox, "Fatigue of advance materials", Adv. Mater. Process, 7, 26 (1993).
  8. W. Zhang, R.C. Picu and N. Koratkar, "The effect of carbon nanotube dimensions and dispersion on the fatigue behavior of epoxy nanocomposites", Nanotechnology, 19, 285709 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/19/28/285709
  9. B. Backman, "Composite structures, design, safety and innovation", Elsevier, 2005.
  10. R.M. Jones, "Mechanics of composite materials", Philadelphia, Tailor Francis, 1999.
  11. E.R.H. Fuchs, F.R. Field, R. Roth, and R.E. Kirchain, "Strategic materials selection in the automobile body:Economic opportunities for polymer composite design", Compos. Sci. Technol., 68, 1989 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.01.015
  12. K.S. Kim and S.J. Park, "Technique status of carbon fibers-reinforced composites for aircrafts", Elast. Compos., 46, 118 (2011).
  13. G. Savage, I. Bomphray, and M. Oxley, "Exploiting the fracture properties of carbon fibre composites to design lightweight energy absorbing structures", Eng. Fail. Anal., 11, 677 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2004.01.001
  14. J. Obradovic, S. Boria, and G. Belingardi, "Lightweight design and crash analysis of composite frontal impact energy absorbing structures", Compos. Struct., 94, 423 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2011.08.005
  15. K.S. Kim, Y.S. Shim, B.J. Kim, L.Y. Meng, S.Y. Lee, and S.J. Park, "Present status and applications of carbon fibers-reinforced composites for aircrafts", Carbon Lett., 11, 235 (2010). https://doi.org/10.5714/CL.2010.11.3.235
  16. Y. Arao, J. Koyanagi, S. Utsunomiya, and H. Kawada, "Effect of ply angle misalignment on out-of-plane deformation of symmetrical cross-ply CFRP laminates: Accuracy of the ply angle alignment", Compos. Struct., 93, 1225 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2010.10.019
  17. S.J. Park, "Interfacial forces and fields: Theory and applications", Ed. J.P. Hsu, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1999.
  18. M. Hussain, A. Nakahira, S. Nishijima, and K. Niihara, "Evaluation of mechanical behavior of CFRC transverse to the fiber direction at room and cryogenic temperature", Composites: Part A, 31, 173 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(99)00060-3
  19. J.A. Rodosts and N.C. Trivedi, "Handbook of fillers and reinforcement plastics", New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1987.
  20. J. Verrey, M.D. Wakeman, V. Michaud, and J.A.E. Månson, "Manufacturing cost comparison of thermoplastic and thermoset RTM for an automotive floor pan", Composites: Part A, 37, 22 (2006).
  21. R. Vipond and C.J. Daniels, "Non-destructive examination of short carbon fibre-reinforced injection moulded thermoplastics", Composites, 16, 14 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-4361(85)90652-4
  22. M.D. Wakeman, T.A. Cain, C.D. Rudd, R. Brooks, and A.C. Long, "Compression moulding of glass and polypropylene composites for optimised macro- and micro-mechanical properties II. Glass-mat-reinforced thermoplastics", Compos. Sci. Technol., 59, 709 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(98)00124-9
  23. J. Palmer, L. Savage, O.R. Ghita, and K.E. Evans, "Sheet moulding compound (SMC) from carbon fibre recyclate", Composites: Part A, 41, 1232 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2010.05.005
  24. H.L.H. Yip, S.J. Pickering, and C.D. Rudd, "Characterisation of carbon fibres recycled from scrap composites using fluidised bed process", Plast. Rubber Compos. Process Appl., 31, 278 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1179/146580102225003047

Cited by

  1. Numerical Study of the Formability of Fiber Metal Laminates Based on Self-reinforced Polypropylene vol.22, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5228/KSTP.2013.22.3.150
  2. Analytical Study for the Prediction of Mechanical Properties of a Fiber Metal Laminate Considering Residual Stress vol.23, pp.5, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5228/KSTP.2014.23.5.289
  3. Effect of Thermal History on the Physical Properties of Nylon66 vol.25, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.14478/ace.2013.1116
  4. The Development of High Performance Nano-composites with Carbon Nanotube vol.26, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5764/TCF.2014.26.2.71
  5. A Study on Slip Behavior of Fiber Preform by High Speed Resin Flow in High Pressure Resin Transfer Molding vol.27, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7234/composres.2014.27.1.031
  6. Analytical and Experimental Study for Development of Composite Coil Springs vol.38, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.031
  7. Prediction of Spring Rate and Initial Failure Load due to Material Properties of Composite Leaf Spring vol.38, pp.12, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.12.1345
  8. Research trends in polymer materials for use in lightweight vehicles vol.16, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0029-x
  9. Evaluation of Laminate Property using Caulplate Application vol.29, pp.5, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7234/composres.2016.29.5.231
  10. Topologically optimized shape of CFRP front lower control ARM vol.18, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-017-0062-0
  11. Energy absorption characteristics of aluminium/CFRP hybrid beam under impact loading vol.22, pp.2, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1080/13588265.2016.1243637
  12. Development of CFRP Tubes for the Light-Weight Propeller Shaft of 4WD SUV Vehicles vol.17, pp.4, 2018, https://doi.org/10.14775/ksmpe.2018.17.4.032