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Effect of Unstale Surface Lumbar Stabilization Exercise on Trunk Posture and Balance Ability in Patients With Scoliosis

불안정한 지지면의 척추안정화 운동이 척추측만증 환자의 체간 자세와 균형에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Woo-Jin (Department of Physical Therapy, Gangneung Yeongdong College) ;
  • Lim, Chang-Hun (Department of Physical Therapy, Gangneung Yeongdong College)
  • 이우진 (강릉영동대학 물리치료과) ;
  • 임창훈 (강릉영동대학 물리치료과)
  • Received : 2011.12.31
  • Accepted : 2012.02.20
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

Purpose : This study was somatosensory less in patients with idiopathic scoliosis somatosensory input to the lumbar stabilization exercises carried out to determine the most effective treatment method to be stable and unstable in terms of supporting the lumbar stabilization exercises the patient's torso length and postural sway by comparing the distance from a standing position and looked for differences in effect on the balance. Methods : The subjects of the study were 18 patients who showed the symptom of scoliosis. The study classified the patients into two experimental groups, one using an unstable surface and one a fixed surface, and the patients were required to do a lumbar stabilization exercise a total of 12 times for 60 minutes per session, three times a week for four weeks. The study carried out a paired comparison t-test so as to compare differences between measurement values in each experimental group before and after the exercise. Results : Superior iliac spine on the left, there was a significant reduction in the group doing the lumbar stabilization exercise on an unstable surface (p<0.05). Regarding change in sway distance to the left and right directions in the group doing the lumbar stabilization exercise on the unstable surface, there was a significant decrease in both the condition of closed eyes or open eyes (p<0.05). As for change in sway distance in forward-and-backward direction, there was a significant reduction in the condition of either closed eyes or open eyes (p<0.05). Conclusion : The lumbar stabilization exercise on an unstable surface improved the trunk posture of patients with scoliosis symmetrically, and the static balance ability in a standing posture was discovered to be improved. In the future, the lumbar stabilization exercise on an unstable surface may be used as a posture correction and balance increase exercise for patients with scoliosis.

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