Extraction of Concrete Slab Surface Cracks using Fuzzy Inference and SOM Algorithm

퍼지 추론 기법과 SOM 알고리즘을 이용한 콘크리트 슬래브 표면의 균열 추출

  • 김광백 (신라대학교 컴퓨터공학과)
  • Received : 2011.02.15
  • Accepted : 2012.03.05
  • Published : 2012.03.25

Abstract

It is necessary to measure cracks on concrete slab surface accurately in concrete structure maintenance for the stability of the structure. However, in real world, the process is done by time consuming and ineffective manual inspection. Although there have been some studies to provide computerized inspection methods, they are vulnerable to rugged surface or noise due to the influence of the light or environmental reasons. In this paper, we propose a new method that extracts not only undistorted cracks but minute cracks that were often regarded as noise. We extract candidate crack areas by applying fuzzy method with R, G, and B channel values of concrete slab structure. Then further refinement processes are performed with SOM algorithm and density based cutoff to remove noise. Experiment verifies that the proposed method is sufficiently useful in various crack images.

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