DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A review of analytical method for volatile fatty acids as designated offensive odorants in Korea

악취성 유기지방산 성분의 분석기술

  • Received : 2012.02.14
  • Accepted : 2012.02.29
  • Published : 2012.04.25

Abstract

A list of volatile fatty acids (VFA) including propionic acid, butyric acid, isovaleric acid, valeric acid, etc. is well known for offensive odorants. The analysis of odorant VFA is a highly delicate task due to high reactivity and unstable recovery rate. At present, analytical methods of VFA are recommended to include alkali impregnation filter method and alkali absorption method by the malodor prevention law of the Korea Ministry of Environment (KMOE). In this review, a survey has been made to explore various approaches available for the analysis of VFA to include both official methods of the KMOE and others. In light of the unreliability of those established analytical methods, it is highly desirable to develop some substituting methods for VFA. Among such options, one may consider such option as sorbent tube (ST) sampling and cryogenic trapping-thermal desorption technique. Moreover, procedures used for standard preparation, sampling steps, and instrumental detection stage are also evaluated. Application of container sampling (like Tedlar bag) is however not recommendable due to significant (sorptive) loss in sampling and in storage stage. In the detection stage, the use of GC/MS is recommendable to replace GC/FID due to the presence of diverse interfering substances. Thus, it is essential to properly establish the basic quality assurance (QA) for VFA analysis in air.

Keywords

volatile fatty acid (VFA);malodor prevention law of the Korea Ministry of Environment;sorbent tube (ST);cryogenic trapping-thermal desorption;liquid-phase standard

References

  1. C.-J. Park, J. Korea Soc. Environ. Admin., 12(2), 95-103 (2006).
  2. Korea Ministry of Environment (KMOE), Malodor Prevention Law of Korea Ministry of Enviro. (2007).
  3. N. Narkis and S. Henfeld-Furie, Water Res., 12(7), 437-446 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(78)90149-5
  4. M. Abalos and J. M. Bayona, J. Chromatogr. A, 891, 287-294 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00655-5
  5. J. A. Cruwys, R. M. Dinsdale, F. R. Hawkes, and D. L. Hawkes, J. Chromatogr. A, 945, 195-209 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01514-X
  6. C. N. Sawyer, Perry L. McCarty, and Gene F. Parkin, 'Chemistry for Environmental Engineering and Science', 5th Ed., p231-232 and 689-698, McGraw-Hill, 2003.
  7. L. Spina, F. Cavallaro, N. I. Fardowza, P. Lagoussis, D. Bona, C. Ciscato, A. Rigante, and M. Vecchi, Digestive and Liver Disease Supplements, 1, 7-11 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1594-5804(08)60004-2
  8. P. Elefsiniotis and D. G. Wareham, Enzyme Microb. Tech., 41, 92-97(2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2006.12.006
  9. L. Otten, M. T. Afzal and D. M. Mainville, Adv. Environ. Res., 8, 397-409 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1093-0191(02)00119-3
  10. N. Narkis, S. Henefeld-Fourrier and M. Rebhun, Water Res., 14(9), 1215-1223 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(80)90179-7
  11. G. Manni and F. Caron, J. Chromatogr. A, 690, 237-242 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)01081-O
  12. E. Lie and T. Welander, Water Res., 31(6) 1269-1274 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(96)00092-9
  13. S.-I. Yun and Y. Ohta, Bioresource Technol., 96, 41-46 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.03.006
  14. P. Elefsiniotis and D. G. Wareham, Enzyme. Microb. Tech., 41, 92-97 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2006.12.006
  15. Y. Nagata, Japan MOE, 41(2), 17-25 (2003).
  16. P. M. G. Curioni and J.O. Bosset, Int. Dairy J., 12(12), 959-984 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-6946(02)00124-3
  17. K. Y. Kono, 'Malodor Preventive Law: Editorial Supervision for Special Pollution Section of Air Preservation Department if the Ministry of Environment in Japan', Gyousei Inc., 13-35, 1993.
  18. A. Bories, J.-M. Guillot, Y. Sire, M. Couderc, S.-A. Lemaire, V. Kreim and J.-C. Roux, Water Res., 41, 2987-2995 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.03.022
  19. G. W. Heo, Y.-M. You, S. M. Shin and J.-H. Lee, Korean J. Odor Research and Engin., 3(2), 88-98 (2004).
  20. Ministry of the Environment in Japan, (2000) Malodor Prevention law of Japan Ministry of Environment (2000).
  21. T.-K. Jung, M.-O. Jang, Y. R. Jung, M.-G. Kim and M.- D. Lee, Korean J. Odor Res. Eng., 6(2), 87-95 (2007).
  22. M.-R. Lee, J.-S. Lee, W.-S. Hsiang and C.-M. Chen, J. Chromatogr. A, 775, 267-274 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00306-3
  23. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S., (1999).
  24. R. R. Arnts, Atmos. Environ., 44, 1579-1584 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.01.004
  25. J.-W. Ahn, K.-H. Kim, D.-W. Ju and M.-S. Im, Korean J. Anal. Sci. Technol., 24(3), 200-211 (2011). https://doi.org/10.5806/AST.2011.24.3.200
  26. J.-W. Ahn, O.-F. Hong, E.-H. Lee and K.-H. Kim, J. Korean Soc. Atmospheric Envi., 26(3), 305-317 (2010). https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2010.26.3.305
  27. J. Namiesnik, J. Chromatogr. A, 300, 79-108 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87581-6
  28. K. R. Lassey, C. F. Walker, A. M. S. McMillan and M. J. Ulyatt, Chemosphere, 3, 367-376 (2001).
  29. J. A. Neuman, T. B. Ryerson, L. G. Huey, R. Jakoubek, J. B. Nowak, C. Simons and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 2975-2981 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1021/es026422l
  30. R. A. Washenfelder, C. M. Roehl, K. A. McKinney, R. R. Julian and P. O. Wennberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 74(6), 3151-3154 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1570949
  31. T. J. Bruno, J. Chromatogr. A, 704, 157-162 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)00184-O
  32. J. Susaya, K.-H. Kim, J.-W. Cho and D. Parker, J. Chromatogr. A. 1218, 9328-9335 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2011.11.007
  33. J.-W. Ahn, Unpublished Doctorate Thesis. Sejong Univ., Seoul Korea (2011).
  34. J.-B- Kim, T.-H. Kim, T.-H. Kim, D.-W. Ju and M.-S. Lim, Korean J. Odor Res. Eng., 7(4), 231-237 (2008).
  35. F. Ulberth and F. Schrammel, J. Chromatogr. A, 704(2), 455-463 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)00224-B
  36. J.-W. Ahn, K.-H. Kim, D.-W. Ju and M.-S. Lim, Korean J. Anal. Scie. Tech., 22(6), 488-497 (2009).

Cited by

  1. A critical review on the diverse preconcentration procedures on bag samples in the quantitation of volatile organic compounds from cigarette smoke and other combustion samples vol.85, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2016.08.013
  2. Degradation of Toluene and Acetic Acid Using Cell-Free Enzyme System from Single Cell-Strain vol.54, pp.5, 2016, https://doi.org/10.9713/kcer.2016.54.5.665
  3. Development of the Detection Threshold Concept from a Close Look at Sorption Occurrence Inside a Glass Vial Based on the In-Vial Vaporization of Semivolatile Fatty Acids vol.86, pp.13, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac501382e
  4. Test on the Reliability of Gastight Syringes as Transfer/Storage Media for Gaseous VOC Analysis: The Extent of VOC Sorption between the Inner Needle and a Glass Wall Surface vol.87, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac504713y
  5. Extent of Sample Loss on the Sampling Device and the Resulting Experimental Biases When Collecting Volatile Fatty Acids (VFAs) in Air Using Sorbent Tubes vol.85, pp.16, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac401385m
  6. Emission characteristics of volatile organic compounds released from spray products vol.26, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5806/AST.2013.26.4.268

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단