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The study of quantitative analytical method for pH and moisture of Hanji record paper using non-destructive FT-NIR spectroscopy

비파괴 분석 방법인 푸리에 변환 근적외선 분광 분석을 이용한 한지 기록물의 산성도 및 함수율 정량 분석 연구

  • 신용민 (국가 기록원 기록관리부) ;
  • 박성배 (국가 기록원 기록관리부) ;
  • 이창영 (국가 기록원 기록관리부) ;
  • 김찬봉 (브러커옵틱스 코리아(주)) ;
  • 이성욱 (브러커옵틱스 코리아(주)) ;
  • 조원보 (브러커옵틱스 코리아(주)) ;
  • 김효진 (동덕여자 대학교 약학과)
  • Received : 2012.02.23
  • Accepted : 2012.03.19
  • Published : 2012.04.25

Abstract

It is essential to evaluate the quality of Hanji record paper without damaging the record paper by previous destructive methods. The samples were Hanji record paper produced in the 1900s. Near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer was used as a non destructive method for evaluating the quality of record papers. Fourier transform (FT) spectrometer was used with 12,500 to 4,000 $cm^{-1}$ wavenumber range for quantitative analysis and it has high accuracy and good signal-to-noise ratio. The acidity and moisture content of Hanji record paper were measured by integrating sphere as diffuse reflectance type. The acidity (pH) of chemical factors as a quality evaluated factor of Hanji was correlated to NIR spectrum. The NIR spectrum was pretreated to obtain the coefficients of optimum correlation. Multiplicative scatter correction (MSC) and First derivative of Savitzky-Golay were used as pretreated methods. The coefficients of optimum correlation were calculated by PLSR (partial least square regression). The correlation coefficients ($R^2$) of acidity had 0.92 on NIR spectra without pretreatment. Also the standard error of prediction (SEP) of pH was 0.24. And then the NIR spectra with pretreatment would have better correlation coefficient ($R^2$ = 0.98) and 0.19 as SEP on pH. For moisture contents, the linearity correlation without pretreatment was higher than the case with pretreatment (MSC, $1^{st}$ derivative). As the best result, the $R^2$ was 0.99 and SEP was 0.45. This indicates that it is highly proper to evaluate the quality of Hanji record papers speedily with integrated sphere and FT NIR analyzer as a non-destructive method.

Keywords

FT-NIR spectroscopy;Hanji record paper;pH;moisture

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