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온라인 커뮤니티 보조의 팀 학습이 대학생들의 학업성취도와 공유된 정신모형에 미치는 효과

Effects of On-Line Community Assisted Team Learning Activities on University Students' Academic Achievement and on the Scores of Shared Mental Model Subscales

  • 투고 : 2012.02.21
  • 심사 : 2012.05.02
  • 발행 : 2012.05.28

초록

이 연구는 온라인 학습커뮤니티 보조의 팀 학습(Online-Community Assisted Team Learning: OCATL)이 대학생의 '학업성취도'와 '공유된 정신모형(Shared Mental Model: SMM)'에 미치는 효과를 검증해내는데 있다. 각기 다른 지역에 소재하는 대학교의 대학생을 대상으로 2학기 동안 두 개의 연구가 실시되었다. 우선, 연구1에서는 OCATL을 실시하고 대학생의 학업성취도에 변화에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위해 133명(남학생 80명, 여학생 53명)의 참가 대학생들의 OCATL 참여 전 후 학점에서의 평점평균(GPA)를 사용하여 비교하였다. OCATL 활동에는 '오리엔테이션', '협동학습 세미나', '온라인 학습커뮤니티 보조의 학기별 16시간 이상의 팀 학습', '최종보고서 제출'의 과정이 포함되었다. OCATL 활동 전후의 학점에서의 점수변화를 t검증을 통해 비교한 결과 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 나타났다(p<.05). 또한, 연구2에서는 OCATL을 실험집단(10팀)에 제공하고 통제집단(15팀)에는 온라인 학습 커뮤니티 보조를 제외한 팀학습을 하도록 하여 활동이 종료된 후에 SMM에서의 척도 점수를 비교하였다. 실험집단과 통제집단의 총 학생수는 74명이었다. SMM 측정은 Johnson(2011)이 개발한 SMM 척도의 단축문항지를 사용하였다. 분석결과, 팀 학습 이후 측정한 SMM 점수에서는 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 나타났다. 다변인분산분석(MANOVA) 결과, 온라인 학습 커뮤니티 환경을 지원된 팀학습 실험집단과 통제집단 간에 유의한 차이가 있었다. 또한 SMM의 하위 구성변인을 종속변인으로 하고 집단을 독립변인으로 한 단변랑 분산분석(ANOVA) 결과, '일반과제와 팀지식', '일반과제와 의사소통기술', '팀원과 과제에 대한 태도', '팀역동과 상호작용', '팀 자원과 활동환경', '팀만족도' 점수에서 실험처치 후 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다($p$ <.05).

키워드

온라인 학습커뮤니티;학업성취도;팀 학습;공유된 정신모형

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피인용 문헌

  1. Influence of Social Presence on Online Community Users' Continuance Intention vol.14, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.02.131