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The effect of garlic extract on antibacterial activity of periopathogens

Garlic extract 배합 치약의 치주질환 균주에 대한 항균 효과

  • Jang, Jong-Hwa (Dept. of Dental Hygiene, Hanseo University) ;
  • Park, Young-Duk (Dept. of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyunghee University) ;
  • Ryu, Da-Young (Dept. of Dental Hygiene, Hyejeon college)
  • 장종화 (한서대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 박용덕 (경희대학교 치과대학 예방치학교실) ;
  • 류다영 (혜전대학교 치위생과)
  • Received : 2012.05.30
  • Accepted : 2012.06.22
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

Objectives : This study mean to confirm the antibacterial activity of a garlic extract widely culturing in our region and was to determine the effect of dentifrice containing 0.1% extracts of garlic on dental plaque and gingivitis in a double blind and clinical studies in 50 healthy adults aged from 20 to 22 years who provided a consent for their participation. Methods : The antibacterial activity was evaluated using triple distilled water and the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method and the minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) against various pathogens for periodontal disease, such as P. gingivalis 381(ATCC33277), was estimated. The experimental groups classified according to the concentration of garlic extract used: 10,000ppm(A), 5,000ppm(B), 2,500ppm(C), 1,000ppm(D). Oral examination of subjects was performed through clinical periods and on day of baseline, 6, 12, 19, 25 days plaque index and gingival index were scored by Turesky' modified index and Loe & Silness index. After 12, 19, 25 days use of their respective dentifrices, statistically decreases of plaque index, gingival index were shown in both the experimental and the control group, respectively. Results : There was significant antibacterial activity in the "2,500ppm(C)" group against P. gingivalis 381. Experimental group exhibited significantly the lower plaque levels and the higher levels of gingival health by the use of the dentifrices contained extract of garlic from 6 days compare with control group(p<0.05). The degree of decrease was more significant on gingivitis level of the experimental group than the control group(p<0.05). Conclusions : This findings indicated that the oral products containing a garlic extract is effective in preventing and treating periodontal diseases, and has potential value in inhibiting periopathogens.

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