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The Relationship between Students' Out-of-school Science Experience and Their View on the Nature of Science

학생들의 학교 밖 과학 경험과 과학의 본성에 대한 견해 사이의 관계

  • Received : 2012.05.01
  • Accepted : 2012.05.16
  • Published : 2012.06.20

Abstract

In this study, the relationship between students' out-of-school science experience and their view on the nature of science was investigated. The participants were 267 sixth graders, 281 eighth graders, and 307 tenth graders from schools in Seoul. A test of views on the nature of science which consists of five items concerning the purpose of science, the definition of scientific theory, the nature of scientific model, the tentativeness of scientific theory, and the origin of scientific theory was administered. Students' out-of-school science experiences were measured with a subscale of the modified Science Experience Survey consisting of seven items. The results indicated that no statistically significant relationship was found between students' out-of-school science experience and their view on the nature of science in sixth graders. In eighth graders, high level students in terms of out-of-school science experiences were found to possess more contemporarily epistemological view in the item concerning the nature of scientific model but more falsificationist view in the item concerning the tentativeness of scientific theory. High level tenth graders in terms of out-of-school science experiences exhibited more epistemologically sophisticated understandings of the nature of science than their counterparts in the items concerning the purpose of science, the definition of scientific theory, and the nature of scientific model.

Keywords

Out-of-school science experience;Nature of science;Elementary school student;Middle school student;High school student

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 전주교육대학교