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Evaluating Impact Resistance of Externally Strengthened Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Slab with Fiber Reinforced Polymers

섬유 보강재로 외부 보강된 강섬유 보강 콘크리트 슬래브의 충격저항성능 평가

  • Yoo, Doo-Yeol (School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Min, Kyung-Hwan (School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Lee, Jin-Young (School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University) ;
  • Yoon, Young-Soo (School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University)
  • 류두열 (고려대학교 건축사회환경공학부) ;
  • 민경환 (고려대학교 건축사회환경공학부) ;
  • 이진영 (고려대학교 건축사회환경공학부) ;
  • 윤영수 (고려대학교 건축사회환경공학부)
  • Received : 2012.01.18
  • Accepted : 2012.03.21
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

Recently, as construction technology improved, concrete structures not only became larger, taller and longer but were able to perform various functions. However, if extreme loads such as impact, blast, and fire are applied to those structures, it would cause severe property damages and human casualties. Especially, the structural responses from extreme loading are totally different than that from quasi-static loading, because large pressure is applied to structures from mass acceleration effect of impact and blast loads. Therefore, the strain rate effect and damage levels should be considered when concrete structure is designed. In this study, the low velocity impact loading test of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) slabs including 0%~1.5% (by volume) of steel fibers, and strengthened with two types of FRP sheets was performed to develop an impact resistant structural member. From the test results, the maximum impact load, dissipated energy and the number of drop to failure increased, whereas the maximum displacement and support rotation were reduced by strengthening SFRC slab with FRP sheets in tensile zone. The test results showed that the impact resistance of concrete slab can be substantially improved by externally strengthening using FRP sheets. This result can be used in designing of primary facilities exposed to such extreme loads. The dynamic responses of SFRC slab strengthened with FRP sheets under low velocity impact load were also analyzed using LS-DYNA, a finite element analysis program with an explicit time integration scheme. The comparison of test and analytical results showed that they were within 5% of error with respect to maximum displacements.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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