# 16주 복합운동프로그램을 통한 저체력군 고등학생의 대사증후군 지표와 자율신경계의 변화

• Accepted : 2012.07.21
• Published : 2012.07.31

#### Abstract

The aim of this study is to closely examine the changes in their metabolic syndrome index and autonomic nerve systems after the 16-weeks's combined exercise program is carried out on low-level physical strength group (PAPS 4-5 level students). They were divided into two groups; exercise training group (15) and control group (15). This program consisted of five-times-a-week's warm-ups, main activities and warm-downs and it takes 50 minutes per trial. Through SPSS 19.0, all averages and standard deviations of dependent variables were calculated. We first performed Shapiro-Wilk's normality test of the variables. Before verifying the effect of combined exercise program, we tested the equality of means of the variables between combined-exercise-programmed-group and control group through a two-sample t-test and carried out a paired t-test to check if the changes in the variables of two groups before and after 16 weeks are statistically significant. Every statistical test is performed at a significance level of ${\alpha}$=.05. The results are as follows. When it came to metabolic syndrome index, there were statistically meaningful changes in waist measurement, triglyceride, glucose with empty stomach and HDL-C. Also, when it came to autonomic nerve system, there were meaningful changes in all variables. Consequently, it seems that the 16-weeks combined exercise program has positive effects on low level physical strength students.

#### References

1. Ahn, N. Y. and Kim, K. J. (2009). Comparisons of 12 week combined exercise Intervention-mediated changes of body composition, physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome risk factors according to IGF-1 gene polymorphism in obese adolescent boys. Journal of Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, 18 . 102-115.
2. Baek, U. H. (2009) An analysis of physique growth of at menarche of athletes and non athletes. Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society, 20, 139-48.
3. Chen, W. and Srinivasan, J. and Berenson, R. (2005). Metabolic syndrome variables at low levels in childhood are beneficially associated with adulthood cardiovascular risk. Diabetes Care, 28, 138-143. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.28.1.138
4. David, A. (1999). Muscular strength training is associated with low arterial compliance and high pulse pressure. Hypertension, 33, 1385-1391. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.33.6.1385
5. Jeong, S. T. and Kwon, S. O. (2009). The effects of weight training by intensity for 8 weeks of metabolic syndrome factor improvement in overweight high school students. Journal of Life Science, 19, 492-501. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2009.19.4.492
6. Jeon, Y. J. (2004) The effect of long-term aerobic exercise on body composition and blood lipoprotein in hypertensive patients. Journal of the Korean Sports Review, 15, 705-713.
7. Kim, E. J., Kim, J, K., Lee, N. J. and Lee, M. S. (2011). Self- esteem item goodness-of-fit sports talented children. Journal of the Korean Data & Information Science Society, 22, 487-94
8. Kim, J. W. and Kim, H. J. (2007). Effects of combined exercise training on metabolic syndrome related factors in overweight and obese elementary school boys. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 46, 683-693.
9. Kim, J. W., Jeon, J. Y. and Kim, T. U. (2007). Effects of walking and behavior modification program on body composition, physical fitness and metabolic syndrome related factors in obese girls. Journal of Life Science, 17, 1744-1753. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2007.17.12.1744
10. Kwon, Y. I., Park, I. G., Park, G. H., Park, C. H., Jeon, J. Y. and Choi, M. K. (2006). Effects of combined exercise training on physical fitness and metabolic syndrome in obese middle school boys. Korean Journal of Political Economy, 45, 611-621.
11. Lee, J. W. (1999). Design of heart rate variability signal time-frequency analysis system for the assessment of autonomic nervous system activities, Master Thesis, Yonsei University. Seoul.
12. Lee, W. J. and Kim, Y. H. (1999). The effect of aerobic exercise program on body composition, heart rate and blood pressure in obese men and women. Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, 11, 267-282.
13. Park, C. H. and Park, T. G. (2009). Effects of aerobic exercise plus lifestyle modification program on obese-induced metabolic syndrome in obese adolescent girls. Journal of Life Science, 19, 198-205. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2009.19.2.198
14. Haskell, W. L. (1984). The influence of exercise on the concentrations of triglyceride and cholesterol in human plasma. Exercise and Sports Science Review, 12, 204-244.
15. Seip, R. and Semenkovich, C. F. (2004). Skeletal muscle lipoprotein lipase: Molecular regulation and Physiological effects in relation to exercise. Exercise and Sport Sciences, 26, 191-218.
16. Sigal, R. J., Kenny, G. P. Boule, N. G., Wills, A. E., Pruk'homme, D., Fortier, M. and Tulloch, R. H. (2007). Effects of aerobic training, resistance training, or both on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial. Ann International Medicine, 147, 357-369. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-147-6-200709180-00005
17. Yoon, Y. S. (2008). Trends of prevalence and associated factors of metabolic syndrome in korean children and adolescents-using the korea national health and nutrition examination survey, Ph. D. Thesis, Ulsan University. Ulsan.

#### Cited by

1. A study on distribution comparison of response packets for major portal sites vol.24, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7465/jkdi.2013.24.3.437
2. Effects of aerobic and combined exercise on body composition and blood lipid in the middle-aged women vol.24, pp.6, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7465/jkdi.2013.24.6.1241
3. Modeling of Metabolic Syndrome Using Bayesian Network vol.27, pp.5, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5351/KJAS.2014.27.5.705
4. The effects on fatigue and accuracy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation of the verbal-order method based on different time intervals (3, 4 minutes) vol.27, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7465/jkdi.2016.27.2.409
5. The study on risk factors for diagnosis of metabolic syndrome and odds ratio using multifactor dimensionality reduction method vol.24, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7465/jkdi.2013.24.4.867