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Composting of Water Hyacinth using a Pilot Scale Rotary Drum Composter

Singh, Waikhom Roshan;Das, Ayan;Kalamdhad, Ajay

  • Received : 2011.11.30
  • Accepted : 2012.05.17
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

Composting of water hyacinth, mixed with cattle manure, rice husk and sawdust in four different proportions, was performed in a pilot scale rotary drum composter. The physico-chemical characteristics, i.e., temperature, moisture content, pH, electrical conductivity, total organic matter (OM), nitrogen dynamics and nutrients were evaluated during the 20 days composting process. The stabilities of the composts were also investigated with respirometric analysis, i.e., $CO_2$ evolution rates and oxygen uptake rate (OUR). Among all trials, trial 1 (6 water hyacinth, 3 cattle manure, 1 rice husk) indicated the best composting mix, as shown by the highest temperature profile and OM loss, and lowest $CO_2$ evolution rate and OUR.

Keywords

Cattle manure;Composting;Rotary drum;Stability;Water hyacinth

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