- Volume 25 Issue 9
DOI QR Code
The Effects of Additives in Napier Grass Silages on Chemical Composition, Feed Intake, Nutrient Digestibility and Rumen Fermentation
- Bureenok, Smerjai (Faculty of Natural Resources, Rajamangala University of Technology-Isan, Sakon Nakhon Campus) ;
- Yuangklang, Chalermpon (Faculty of Natural Resources, Rajamangala University of Technology-Isan, Sakon Nakhon Campus) ;
- Vasupen, Kraisit (Faculty of Natural Resources, Rajamangala University of Technology-Isan, Sakon Nakhon Campus) ;
- Schonewille, J. Thomas (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Farm Animal Health, Division Nutrition, Utrecht University) ;
- Kawamoto, Yasuhiro (Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus)
- Received : 2012.02.10
- Accepted : 2012.06.04
- Published : 2012.09.01
The effect of silage additives on ensiling characteristics and nutritive value of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) silages was studied. Napier grass silages were made with no additive, fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (FJLB), molasses or cassava meal. The ensiling characteristics were determined by ensiling Napier grass silages in airtight plastic pouches for 2, 4, 7, 14, 21 and 45 d. The effect of Napier grass silages treated with these additives on voluntary feed intake, digestibility, rumen fermentation and microbial rumen fermentation was determined in 4 fistulated cows using
Fermentation Quality;Lactic Acid Bacteria;Molasses;Cassava Meal
Supported by : National Research Council of Thailand (NRCT)
- AOAC, 1995. Official methods of analysis, 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington. VA, USA.
- Bureenok, S., T. Namihira, S. Mizumachi, Y. Kawamoto and T. Nakada. 2006. The effect of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria with or without different byproduct from defatted rice bran and green tea waste on napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) silage. J. Sci. Food Agric. 86:1073-1077. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2458
- Cai, Y. 2004. Methods for feed evaluation of forages: Silage Analyses. In Japan Society of Grassland Science (ed.): Field and Laboratory Methods for Grassland Science. Japan Livestock Technology Association, Tokyo, pp. 279-283.
- Crocker, C. L. 1967. Rapid determination of urea-nitrogen in serum or plasma without deproteinazation. Am. J. Med. Technol. 33:361-365.
- Danner, H., M. Holzer, E. Mayrhuber and R. Braun. 2003. Acetic acid increases stability of silage under aerobic conditions. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69:562-567. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.69.1.562-567.2003
- Dubois, M., K. A. Gilles, J. K. Hamilton, P. A. Rebers and F. Smith. 1956. Calorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anal. Chem. 28:350-356. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60111a017
- Huisden, C. M., A. T. Adesogan, S. C. Kim and T. Ososanya. 2009. Effect of applying molasses or inoculants containing homofermentative or heterofermentative bacteria at two rates on the fermentation and aerobic stability of corn silage. J. Dairy Sci. 92:690-697. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2008-1546
- Hungate, R. E. 1966. The rumen and its microbes. Academic Press, New York, USA.
- Jaakkola, S., V. Kaunisto and P. Huhtanen. 2006. Volatile fatty acid proportions and microbial protein synthesis in the rumen of cattle receiving grass silage ensiled with different rates of formic acid. Grass and Forage Sci. 61:282-292. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2006.00532.x
- Kozaki, M., T. Uchimura and S. Okada. 1992. Experimental manual of lactic acid bacteria. Asakurashoten, Tokyo.
- Lima, R., R. F. Diaz, A. Castro, S. Hoedtke and V. Fievez. 2010. Multifactorial models to assess responses to sorghum proportion, molasses and bacterial inoculant on in vitro quality of sorghum-soybean silages. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 164: 161-173.
- McDonald, P., A. R. Henderson and S. J. E. Heron. 1991. The Biochemistry of silage (2nd Ed.) Chalcombe Publications, Marlow Bucks, UK.
- Muck, R. E. 1988. Factors influencing silage quality and their implications for management. J. Dairy Sci. 71:2992-3002. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(88)79897-5
- Murphy, J. J. 1999. The effects of increasing the proportion molasses in the diet of milking dairy cows on milk production and composition. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 78:189-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(99)00007-3
- Ohmomo, S., O. Tanaka, H. K. Kitamoto and Y. Cai. 2002. Silage and microbial performance, old story but new problems. Jpn. Agr. Res. Q. 36:59-71.
- Panditharatne, S., V. G. Allen, J. P. Fontenol and M. C. N. Jayasuria. 1986. Ensiling characteristics of tropical grasses as influenced by stage of growth, additives and chopping length. J. Anim. Sci. 63:197-207.
- Pilachai, R., J. T. Schonewille, C. Thamrongyoswittayakul, S. Aiumlamai, C. Wachirapakorn, H. Everts and W. H. Hendriks. 2011. The effects of high levels of rumen degradable protein on rumen pH and histamine concentrations in dairy cows. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 96:206-213. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2011.01139.x
- Rook, A. J. and M. Gill. 1990. Prediction of the voluntary intake of grass silages by beef cattle. 1. Linear regression analysis. Anim. Prod. 50:425-438. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100004918
- SAS Institute, 1985: User's guide: Statistics. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
- Schonewille, J. T., A. T. Van't Klooster, J. W. Cone, H. J. Kalsbeek-Van der Valk, H. Wouterse and A. C. Beynen. 2000. Neither native nor popped cornmeal in the ration of dry cows affects magnesium absorption. Livest. Prod. Sci. 63:17-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(99)00119-0
- Sibanda, S. R., M. Jingura and J. H. Topps. 1997. The effect of level of inclusion of the legume Desmodium uncinatum and the use of molasses or ground maize as additives on the chemical composition of grass- and maize-legume silages. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 68:295-305. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(97)00049-7
- Steg, A. and J. M. Van Der Meer. 1985. Differences in chemical composition and digestibility of beet and cane molasses. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 13:83-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(85)90044-6
- Umana, R., C. R. Staples, C. B. Bates, C. J. Wilcox and W. C. Mahanna. 1991. Effects of a microbial inoculant and (or) sugarcane molasses on the fermentation, aerobic stability, and digestibility of bermudagrass ensiled at two moisture contents. J. Anim. Sci. 69:4588-4601.
- Van Neikerk, W. A., A. Hassen, F. M. Bechaz and R. J. Coertze. 2007. Fermentative attributes of wilted vs. unwilted Digitaria eriantha silage treated with or without molasses at ensiling. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 37:261-268.
- Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
- Wanapat, M. 2009. Potential uses of local feed resources for ruminant. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41:1035-1049. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-008-9270-y
- Yahaya, M. S., M. Goto, W. Yimiti, B. Smerjai and Y. Kawamoto. 2004. Additives effects of fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid on silo fermentation and ruminal degradability of tropical elephant grass. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 3: 115-121.
- Yang, C. M., J. S. Haung, C. T. Chang, Y. H. Cheng and C. Y. Chang. 2004. Fermentation acids, aerobic fungal growth and intake of napier grass ensiled with nonfiber carbohydrates. J. Dairy Sci. 87:630-636. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73205-1
- Yokota, H., T. Okajima and M. Ohshima. 1991. Effect of environmental temperature and addition of molasses on the quality of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) silage. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 4:377-382. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1991.377
- Yunus, M., N. Ohba, M. Shimojo, M. Furuse and Y. Masuda. 2000. Effects of adding urea and molasses on Napiergrass silage quality. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 13:1542-1547. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2000.1542
- Silage preparation and fermentation quality of natural grasses treated with lactic acid bacteria and cellulase in meadow steppe and typical steppe vol.30, pp.6, 2016, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.16.0578
- Fermentation Quality of Round-Bale Silage as Affected by Additives and Ensiling Seasons in Dwarf Napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) vol.6, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy6040048
- Elephant grass silages with or without wilting, with cassava meal in silage production vol.18, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1590/s1519-99402017000300002
- Potential of feeding beef cattle with whole corn crop silage and rice straw in Malaysia vol.50, pp.5, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-1538-2
- Effect of total mixed ration silage containing agricultural by-products with the fermented juice of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria on rumen fermentation and nitrogen balance in ewes pp.1573-7438, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-01798-1