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Effects of Purple-fleshed Sweet Potato (Ipomoera batatas Cultivar Ayamurasaki) Powder Addition on Color and Texture Properties and Sensory Characteristics of Cooked Pork Sausages during Storage

  • Jin, Sang-Keun (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Yeong-Jung (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Park, Jae-Hong (Swine Science and Technology Center, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Hur, In-Chul (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Nam, Sang-Hae (Division of Food Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Shin, Dae-Keun (Swine Science and Technology Center, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2012.03.06
  • Accepted : 2012.05.29
  • Published : 2012.09.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of adding purple-fleshed sweet potato (PFP) powder on the texture properties and sensory characteristics of cooked pork sausage. Sodium nitrite alone and sodium nitrite in combination with PFP were added to five different treatments sausages (CON (control) = 0.01% sodium nitrite, SP25 = 0.005% sodium nitrite and 0.25% purple-fleshed sweet potato powder combination, SP50 = 0.005% sodium nitrite and 0.5% purple-fleshed sweet potato powder combination, PP25 = 0.25% purple-fleshed sweet potato powder, PP50 = 0.5% purple-fleshed sweet potato powder). The sausages were cooked to $74^{\circ}C$, stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 6 wks, and used for chemical analysis, textural properties, and a sensory evaluation on 0, 2, 4 and 6 wks of storage, respectively. Similar CIE $a^*$ and $b^*$ values were determined in sausages from CON, SP25 and SP50 at the end of storage, and they were higher in CIE $a^*$ but lower in CIE $b^*$ than that of the PP25 and PP50 sausages. Significant differences were observed for brittleness and hardness when PFP was added to the sausages but were not confirmed after 4 wks of storage. The objective color score was influenced by adding PFP; however, the effect was not dose dependent. In overall acceptability, panelists favored the CON, SP25, SP50, and PP50 sausages but did not prefer PP25 sausages at the end of storage. Therefore, adding PFP to cooked pork sausages improved color and texture properties and sensory characteristics, but further study is needed to determine the proper ratio of sodium nitrite and PFP.

Keywords

Purple-fleshed Sweet Potato;Sodium Nitrite;Texture;Sensory Evaluation;Sausage

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

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