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Familial Breast Cancer Registry Program in Patients Referred to the Cancer Institute of Iran

  • Sabokbar, Tayebeh (Department of Genetics, Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran) ;
  • Khajeh, Elias (Students Scientific Research Center & Exceptional Talent Development Center (ETDC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS)) ;
  • Taghdiri, Foad (Students Scientific Research Center & Exceptional Talent Development Center (ETDC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS)) ;
  • Peyghambari, Vahideh (Department of Genetics, Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran) ;
  • Shirkoohi, Reza (Department of Genetics, Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran)
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

Introduction: Annually a considerable number of people die because of breast cancer, a common disease among women also in Iran. Identifying risk factors and susceptible people can lead to prevention or at least early diagnosis. Among susceptibility risks, 5-10% of patients have a family history predisposing factor which can influence the risk of incidence among the family. Having a registry program can be a more practical way to screen high risk families for preventive planning. Method: Based on inclusion criteria, a questionnaire was prepared and after a pilot study on a small number of patients, actual data were collected on 400 patients and processed in SPSS 16.0. Results: Totally, 28.2%of the patients were younger than 40 years old and 36.8% had the included criteria for familial breast cancer (FBC). 102 patient's samples could be compared for receptor presentation. Similar to other studies, the number of triple negative breast cancers increased as the age decreased. Conclusion: The high percentage of patients with FBC among 400 cases in this study demonstrates that in order to design an infrastructural diagnostic protocol and screening of patients with FBC, a precise survey related to frequency and founder mutations of FBC is needed nationwide.

Keywords

Breast cancer;familial breast cancer;screening;registry program

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