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Influencing Women's Actions on Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment in Karawang District, Indonesia

  • Kim, Young-Mi (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University) ;
  • Ati, Abigael (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University) ;
  • Kols, Adrienne (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University) ;
  • Lambe, Fransisca Maria (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University) ;
  • Soetikno, Djoko (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University) ;
  • Wysong, Megan (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University) ;
  • Tergas, Ana Isabel (Johns Hopkins Medical Institute (JHMI)) ;
  • Rajbhandari, Presha (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University) ;
  • Lu, Enriquito (Jhpiego, Johns Hopkins University)
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

Introduction: The impact of cervical cancer prevention programs depends on persuading women to go for screening and, if needed, treatment. As part of an evaluation of a pilot project in Indonesia, qualitative research was conducted to explore the factors that influence women's decisions regarding screening and treatment and to generate practical recommendations to increase service coverage and reduce loss to follow up. Methods: Research was conducted at 7 of the 17 public health centers in Karawang District that implemented the pilot project. Interviews and focus group discussions were held with 20 women, 20 husbands, 10 doctors, 18 midwives, 3 district health officials, and 16 advocacy team members. Results: Free services and mobile outreach events encouraged women to go for screening, along with promotional efforts by community health workers, advocacy teams, and the mass media. Knowledge and perceptions were the most important barriers to screening: women were not aware of cervical cancer risks, did not know the disease was treatable, and were fatalistic. Factors facilitating treatment were social support from husbands, relatives, and friends and the encouragement and role modeling of health workers. Barriers to prompt treatment included limited access to services and the requirement for husband's consent for cryotherapy. Conclusion: As cervical cancer prevention services are scaled up throughout Indonesia, the findings suggest three strategies to expand screening coverage and ensure prompt treatment: strengthening community mobilization and advocacy activities, modifying the service delivery model to encourage a single visit approach to screening and treatment, and working to gain men's support.

Keywords

Cancer screening;cervical cancer;cancer prevention;Indonesia

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