The Political Economy of Nuclear Reactors and Safety

원자로의 정치경제학과 안전

  • Received : 2011.12.06
  • Accepted : 2011.01.31
  • Published : 2012.01.31

Abstract

The success history of Light Water Reactors (PWR and BWR) showed how a dominant technology could be shaped in a political and economical context. The american nuclear politics, the interest of american nuclear industry, and the accumulated technological know-hows made it possible that the not inherently safe reactor-Light Water Reactor- became a prominent reactor model. The path dependency of reactor technology on LWR kept the engineers from developing a new safer reactor, even if the severe reactor accidents occurred. In oder to increase safety of nuclear power system, we should understand the social shaping process of nuclear technology.

Keywords

nuclear reactor;Light Water Reactor;social shaping;path dependency;safety

References

  1. Barkenbus, Jack N. (1988), "Prospects for inherently safe reactors", Energy Policy Feb., pp. 49-57.
  2. Cowan, Robin (1990), "Nuclear Power Reators: A Study in Technological Lock-In", The Journal of Economic History, 50(3): 541-567. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022050700037153
  3. Denton, H.R. (1987), "The Causes and Consequences of the Chernobyl Nuclear Accident and Implications for the Regulation of U.S. Nuclear Power Plants", Ann.nucl. Energy, 14(6): 295-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4549(87)90132-0
  4. Green, David (1986), "AGR v PWR- the debate continue", Energy Policy Feb., pp. 4-8.
  5. Hecht, Gabrielle (1994), "Political Designs: Nuclear Reactors and National Policy in Postwar France", Technology and Culture, 35(4): 657-685. https://doi.org/10.2307/3106502
  6. Herring, Horace (2005), From Energy Dreams to Nuclear Nightmares. Lessons from the anti-nuclear power movement in the 1970s, Charlbury: Jon Carpenter Publishing.
  7. Hohenemser, C., R. Kasperson, and R. W. Kates (1977), "The Distrust of Nuclear Power", Science, 196: 25-43. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.841337
  8. Hughes, Thomas P.(1983), Networks of Power: electrification on Western society, 1880-1930, London and Baltimore, Md.: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  9. Jasper, James M. (1992), "Gods, Titans and mortals- Patterns of state involvement in nuclear development", Energy Policy July., pp. 653-659.
  10. Keck, Otto (1980), "The West German fast breeder programm- A case study in governmental decision making", Energy Policy Dec., pp. 277-292.
  11. Mahaffey, James (2010), Atomic Awakening: A New Look at the History and Future of Nuclear Power, New York: Pegasus.
  12. Rippon, Simon (1984), "History of the PWR and its worldwide development", Energy Policy, pp. 259-265.
  13. Rüdig, Wolfgang (1987), "Outcomes of Nuclear Technology Policy: Do Varying Political Styles Make a Difference?", Journal of Public Policy, 7(4): 389-430. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0143814X00004578
  14. Rush, Howard J., Mackerron, Gordon and John Surrey (1977), "The Advanced Gas-cooled Reactor- A case study in reactor choice", Energy Policy June, pp. 95-102.
  15. Walker, J. Samuel (2004), Three Miles Island. A Neclear Crisis in Hostorical Perspective, Berkeley and Los Angeles: The University of California Press.