The Changing Spatial Patterns of Aging Population in Korea

한국 인구고령화의 지역적 전개 양상

  • Choi, Jae-Heon (Department of Geography, College of Science, Konkuk University) ;
  • Yoon, Hyun-Wi (Department of Geography, College of Science, Konkuk University)
  • 최재헌 (건국대학교 이과대학 지리학과) ;
  • 윤현위 (건국대학교 이과대학 지리학과)
  • Received : 2012.05.25
  • Accepted : 2012.06.20
  • Published : 2012.06.30

Abstract

This paper intends to examine spatial patterns and regional variations of aging population in Korea based on census data for 163 areas during 1980~2010. It briefly investigates general characteristics of aging population in Korea from previous studies and clarifies spatial patterns of aging process at regional level with reference of population growth rate at different time periods. Cities in Korea are classified into several stages including aging society, aged society and super-aged society according to the percentages of aging population out of total population every five years. At the regional scale, the stage of aging society was revealed from 1980, while the stage of aged society was shown from 1995 and super-aged society was entered from 2000 in Korea. Eighty cities in the analysis were shown at the stage of super-aged society in 2010. The portions of aging population are highly related to city size and population growth rate. For instance, the cities both in small size and with low population growth rate are revealing high percentage of aging population. As of 2010, most rural areas are staged into super-aged society, while most cities within Seoul metropolitan area and mid-sized cities are kept in the stage of aging society. At regional scale, there are no significant statistical correlations between total fertility rate and aging population.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단