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ALGORITHMIC PROOF OF MaxMult(T) = p(T)

Kim, In-Jae

  • Received : 2011.04.14
  • Published : 2012.10.31

Abstract

For a given graph G we consider a set S(G) of all symmetric matrices A = [$a_{ij}$] whose nonzero entries are placed according to the location of the edges of the graph, i.e., for $i{\neq}j$, $a_{ij}{\neq}0$ if and only if vertex $i$ is adjacent to vertex $j$. The minimum rank mr(G) of the graph G is defined to be the smallest rank of a matrix in S(G). In general the computation of mr(G) is complicated, and so is that of the maximum multiplicity MaxMult(G) of an eigenvalue of a matrix in S(G) which is equal to $n$ - mr(G) where n is the number of vertices in G. However, for trees T, there is a recursive formula to compute MaxMult(T). In this note we show that this recursive formula for MaxMult(T) also computes the path cover number $p$(T) of the tree T. This gives an alternative proof of the interesting result, MaxMult(T) = $p$(T).

Keywords

maximum corank;maximum multiplicity;minimum rank;path cover number;tree

References

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