Effects of CEO's Entrepreneurship in Small and Medium Enterprises and Goal Orientation of Employees on Collective Efficacy: Approaching Structural Equation Model

중소기업 경영자의 기업가정신과 조직구성원의 목표지향성이 조직효능감에 미치는 영향: 구조방정식 모형 접근

  • 강성두 (제주대학교 대학원 경영학과) ;
  • 강영순 (제주대학교 경상대학 경영학과)
  • Received : 2012.09.13
  • Accepted : 2012.10.11
  • Published : 2012.10.28


The purpose of this study is to identify the best structural model among CEO's entrepreneurship(innovation proactiveness and risk-taking) in small and medium enterprises, group goal orientation(learning and performance goal orientation) and collective efficacy of employees. The result of verifying the best structural model is as follows. First. it indicated that innovation proactiveness of CEO's entrepreneurship positively affected group learning goal orientation and group performance goal orientation of employees while it did not affect risk-taking. Second, it indicated that group learning goal orientation and group performance goal orientation of employees positively affected collective efficacy. Third, it indicated that CEO's innovation proactiveness positively affected collective efficacy through group goal orientation of employees(learning and performance goal orientation). In this study, we targed 162 CEOs and 486 employees in small and medium enterprises located in Seoul, Gyeonggi and Jeju and applied the reponses of employees to 162 enterprises by using the average value measured in three divisions of each enterprise. We conducted a survey as a study method and conducted covariance structure analysis to verify the study model. Implications of the research are as below. First, we provided academic discussions by expanding the study category of goal orientation with an individual level into a group level. Second, we expanded the study category with individual goal orientation and collective efficacy into group goal orientation. Third, we suggested the possibility of another mechanism's effect between entrepreneurship and collective efficacy.


Entrepreneurship;Goal Orientation;Learning Goal Orientation;Performance Goal Orientation;Collective Efficacy


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