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Analysis change in Bone Mineral Density before and after Kidney Transplant in Renal Failure Patient

신부전환자의 신장이식 전후 골밀도변화 분석

  • 박형후 (고신대학교 대학원 보건과학과) ;
  • 옥치상 (고신대학교 대학원 보건과학과) ;
  • 박영인 (고신대학교 대학원 보건과학과) ;
  • 이진수 (부산가톨릭대학교 보건과학대학 대학원 방사선학과) ;
  • 김창수 (부산가톨릭대학교 보건과학대학 대학원 방사선학과)
  • Received : 2012.06.01
  • Accepted : 2012.08.10
  • Published : 2012.09.28

Abstract

Disease, such as osteopenia, osteoporosis, etc caused by reduced bone density are common to women after menopause and as the social medical cost increases due to osteoporosis fractures the medical interest in bone density reduction has increased. The bone density reduction is observed even for renal failure patients, due to their decreased ability to synthesize vitamin D which leads to bone fibrosis because of deficiency in calcium absorption. Thus renal failure patients not only suffer from kidney dysfunction, but also are exposed to complications, such as osteoporosis, due to reduced bone density. This research observed the change in bone density of patients receiving renal failure treatment and analyzed the change in bone density before and after kidney transplantations. Subjects were 214 renal failure patients at the department of nephrology Busan B General Hospital. The change in bone density was studied for subjects with and without kidney transplantation according to their age and sex. The research showed improvement or maintenance of bone density for subjects that received kidney transplantation, but showed a tendency of consistent decrease in bone density for subjects without kidney transplantation. Kidney transplantation can be considered as the best cure for renal failure patients, and this researched confirmed that bone density can be improved through kidney transplantation. Thus, this study can also be used as data for preventing complications due to renal failures.

Keywords

Renal Failure;Bone Mineral Density;T-score;Kidney Transplants

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