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Antioxidant and Inhibitory Effects of Korean Panax ginseng Extract on Pro-inflammatory Mediators in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 Macrophages

산양삼(Korean Panax ginseng) 추출물의 항산화 효과 및 LPS로 염증이 활성화된 RAW 264.7 대식세포에서의 염증매개물질 억제효과

  • Kim, Ye-Jin (Dept. of Herbal Food Science, Daegu Haany University) ;
  • Son, Dae-Yeul (Dept. of Herbal Food Science, Daegu Haany University)
  • 김예진 (대구한의대학교 한방식품약리학과) ;
  • 손대열 (대구한의대학교 한방식품약리학과)
  • Received : 2012.06.12
  • Accepted : 2012.07.16
  • Published : 2012.10.31

Abstract

Biological activities of Korean Panax ginseng 55% ethanol extract (KPGE) were investigated. The measured total polyphenol content of KPGE was 357.45 mg/100 g. KPGE showed the highest ${\alpha},{\alpha}$-diphenyl-${\beta}$-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzo-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activities of 80% and 86% at 1,000 ${\mu}g/mL$, respectively. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities significantly increased in a KPGE concentration-dependent manner. SOD-like activity of KPGE (1, 10, and 100 ${\mu}g/mL$) increased from 22% up to 33% at KPGE concentrations of 500 and 1,000 ${\mu}g/mL$. KPGE treatment significantly suppressed the generation of pro-inflammatory mediators, including nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PGE_2$), and cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha: TNF-${\alpha}$, interleukin-6: IL-6, interleukin-$1{\beta}$: IL-$1{\beta}$), in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. KPGE demonstrated strong anti-inflammatory activity that reduced NO and $PGE_2$ production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Even low concentrations of KPGE (1 and 10 ${\mu}g/mL$) reduced $PGE_2$ and NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages without LPS-stimulation, respectively. At concentrations of 100, 500, and 1,000 ${\mu}g/mL$, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-6 production were significantly suppressed. The results of our study suggest the potential of Korean Panax ginseng as an excellent antioxidant substance for inhibiting inflammatory mediators. Therefore, Korean Panax ginseng (KPGE) may be used as a therapeutic approach to various inflammatory diseases.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 지식경제부

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