Evaluation of Plasticizer Pollution Levels in Mudflat Solar Salt, Salt Water, and Sea Water of Nationwide Saltpan

국내 염전에서 생산된 갯벌천일염, 함수 및 해수의 가소제(DEHP) 오염 수준 평가

  • Kim, Hag-Lyeol (Dept. of Food Engineering, Solar Salt & Halophyte R&D Center, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Baek, Hyung-Hee (Dept. of Food Engineering, Dankuk University) ;
  • Kim, In-Cheol (Dept. of Food Engineering, Solar Salt & Halophyte R&D Center, Mokpo National University)
  • 김학렬 (국립목포대학교 공과대학 식품공학과, 천일염 및 염생식물 산업화 사업단) ;
  • 백형희 (단국대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 김인철 (국립목포대학교 공과대학 식품공학과, 천일염 및 염생식물 산업화 사업단)
  • Received : 2012.06.22
  • Accepted : 2012.08.22
  • Published : 2012.10.31


The purpose of this study was to evaluate plasticizer pollution levels in mudflat solar salt, salt water and sea water of the nationwide saltpan. Also, it was analyzed the relationship between DEHP in solar salt and PVC mat following private period. DEP (ranging from 0.00 to 1.55 ppb), DIBP (0.00~2.38), DBP (0.00~4.90), DEHA (0.00~2.32), and BBP (0.00~1.45) in solar salt were shown a extremely low concentrations, and DEHP was present a concentrations ranging from 0.00 to 268.5 ppb in solar salt. Further, DMP, DPrP, DNPP, DNHP, and DCHP were not detected in all solar salt. Phthalate in sea water and salt water was present a infinitesimal amount levels. DEHP levels in sea water and salt water were not shown a high risk levels ranging from 0.00 to 3.4 ppb, and from 0.00 to 21.4 ppb, respectively. As expected in PVC mat of nationwide saltpan, the correlation between DEHP in solar salt and PVC mat private period showed a low positive correlation coefficient ($r^2$=0.0362).


Supported by : 농림수산식품부, 농수산물유통공사


  1. Kluwe WM, Haseman JK, Huff JE. 1983. The carcinogenicity of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in perspective. J Toxicol Environ Health 12: 159-169.
  2. Kluwe WM. 1982. Overview of phthalate ester pharmacokinetics in mammalian species. Environ Health Perspect 45: 3-9.
  3. United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (US CPSC). 1985. Chronic hazard advisory panel on di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). Report to the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. Washington, DC, USA.
  4. Crocker JF, Safe SH, Acott P. 1988. Effects of chronic phthalate exposure on the kidney. J Toxicol Environ Health 23: 433-444.
  5. Choi H, Kim DP, Nam HJ, Joo MJ, Ko TS. 2008. Report of DEHP in saltfarm. Korea Consumer Agency. Webpage:
  6. Korea Food and Drug Administration. 2008. Food Standards Codex. Korean Food Industry Association, Seoul, Korea
  7. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).
  8. International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS). 1992. Environmental Health Criteria 131: Diethylhexyl Phthalate. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
  9. Takatori S, Okamoto Y, Kitagawa Y, Hori S, Izumi SI, Makino T, Nakazawa H. 2008. Simulated neonatal exposure to DEHP and MEHP from PVC enteral nutrition products. Int J Pharm 352: 139-145.
  10. Biohazard Information Manual of Agriculture & Food. 2007. Hazard chemical substance. Phthalate. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Korea. p 244-246.
  11. FDA. 1999. United States Food and Drug Administration. Blood Bag Inspections. Webpage: [downloaded 28 April 1999]

Cited by

  1. Evaluation of mineral, heavy metal and phthalate contents in mudflat solar salt and foreign salt vol.21, pp.4, 2014,