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Beamforming for Downlink Multiuser MIMO Time-Varying Channels Based on Generalized Eigenvector Perturbation

  • Yu, Heejung (Advanced Communications Research Laboratory, ETRI, Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Yeungnam Univeristy) ;
  • Lee, Sok-Kyu (Advanced Communications Research Laboratory, ETRI)
  • Received : 2012.05.11
  • Accepted : 2012.07.19
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

A beam design method based on signal-to-leakage-plus-noise ratio (SLNR) has been recently proposed as an effective scheme for multiuser multiple-input multiple-output downlink channels. It is shown that its solution, which maximizes the SLNR at a transmitter, can be simply obtained by the generalized eigenvectors corresponding to the dominant generalized eigenvalues of a pair of covariance matrices of a desired signal and interference leakage plus noise. Under time-varying channels, however, generalized eigendecomposition is required at each time step to design the optimal beam, and its level of complexity is too high to implement in practical systems. To overcome this problem, a predictive beam design method updating the beams according to channel variation is proposed. To this end, the perturbed generalized eigenvectors, which can be obtained by a perturbation theory without any iteration, are used. The performance of the method in terms of SLNR is analyzed and verified using numerical results.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : KCA (Korea Communications Agency)

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