The impact of climate change on the European Alps : Artificial snow and environmental problems

긴급제언 - 유럽알프스지역의 기후변화 영향 : 인공설(雪)과 환경문제

  • 이영희 (베를린공대 사회, 환경, 정주공간 학제 연구단, 고려대학교 환경생태공학부, 베를린 환경과 건강분야 정보시스템, 행정학 국제연구소 독일분과)
  • Received : 2012.01.05
  • Published : 2012.03.19


The European Alps face a number of major threats - from habitat loss to pollution, from mass tourism to the impacts of climate change. The European alpine climate has changed significantly during the past century, with temperatures increasing more than twice the global average. This makes alpine mountains especially vulnerable to changes in the hydrological cycle and decreases in snow and glacier cover, which are already occurring. In winter, artificial snow-making is currently the most widespread strategy to extend and supplement natural snow cover and secure winter tourism. Artificial snow-making is not only very costly, but also has knock-on effects such as increased water consumption and energy demand or ecological damage, which may lead to negative externalities. The European Alps facing the challenge of changing climate and anthropogenic pressures.