Theoretical Analysis and Experimental Evaluation of Small Cyclone Separator to Remove Fine Particulate Matter

미립 물질 제거를 위한 소형 사이클론 분리기의 이론적 연구 및 실험적 검증

  • Ko, Han Gyul (Dept. of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Seoul Nat'l Univ. of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Hong Seok (Dept. of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Seoul Nat'l Univ. of Science and Technology)
  • 고한결 (서울과학기술대학교 기계.자동차공학과) ;
  • 김홍석 (서울과학기술대학교 기계.자동차공학과)
  • Received : 2012.06.19
  • Accepted : 2012.08.16
  • Published : 2013.01.01


A cyclone separator has been widely used in various industrial processes for removing fine particulate matter because it is easy to fabricate, cost effective, and adaptable to extremely harsh conditions. However, owing to the complex flow field in cyclones, a complete understanding of the detailed mechanisms of particulate removal has not yet been gained. In this study, a theoretical analysis was performed for calculating the collection efficiency and cut-off size in cyclones by taking into account the effects of geometrical and flow parameters. The collection efficiency and cut-off size values predicted by the theoretical model showed good agreement with experimental measurements for particles with a diameter of $0.5-30{\mu}m$. It was also revealed that the surface friction, along with the flow and geometrical parameters, has a significant effect on the cyclone performance.


Cyclone Separator;Collection Efficiency;Vortex;Pressure Drop;Cut-off Diameter


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