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청국장이 난소적출 마우스의 면역 기능에 미치는 영향

Effects of Fermented Soybean Paste Chungkukjang on the Immunoreactivity in Ovariectomized Mice

  • 박현진 (숙명여자대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 윤이나 (숙명여자대학교 대학원 생명시스템학과 식품생명시스템 전공) ;
  • 김현숙 (숙명여자대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과)
  • Park, Hyunjin (Div. of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Sookmyung Women's University) ;
  • Yoon, Leena (Div. of Food and Nutritional Science & Life Systems, Sookmyung Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Sook (Div. of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Sookmyung Women's University)
  • 투고 : 2013.08.20
  • 심사 : 2013.11.11
  • 발행 : 2013.12.31

초록

본 연구에서는 천연 식품으로부터 면역증진능을 갖는 식품 소재를 검색하기 위한 연구의 일환으로 골대사 약화 상태의 마우스에게 청국장 배합 사료를 투여했을 때 카제인 배합사료에 비하여 가질 수 있는 세포 매개성 면역능의 증강 효과를 규명하기 위한 목적으로 실시되었다. 제 1단계로서 난소적출군은 저칼슘 식이, Sham군은 AIN-76 식이를 6주간 공급한 후, 각 군을 청국장 배합 사료군 혹은 카제인 배합사료군으로 나누어 8주간 제 2단계의 식이를 공급하였다. 면역 지표로는 비장세포 증식능, 혈중 T 림프구 아형수와 혈중 사이토카인(IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-${\gamma}$, TNF-${\alpha}$)의 분비량을 측정하였다. 그 결과 난소적출군에서 청국장배합 사료군의 비장 세포 증식능이 카제인 배합 사료군보다 유의적으로 높았으며, 혈중 T 림프구 아형 비율인 CD4/CD8의 비율도 청국장 배합 사료군에서 더 높았다. 혈중 사이토카인 분비량을 측정한 결과 난소적출군에서 청국장 배합 사료 투여군의 IL-6와 TNF-${\alpha}$ 분비량이 카제인 배합 사료 투여군에 비해 유의적으로 낮았다. 난소적출 마우스의 면역능에 청국장 배합 사료가 미치는 영향으로 카제인 배합사료에 비하여 비장 세포 증식능 활성화, 골 대사와 연관있는 대표적 사이토카인인 IL-6와 TNF-${\alpha}$ 분비 억제 및 조절 등을 들 수 있다. 뿐만 아니라, 체중 증가량을 조절하는 역할을 하는 것으로 관찰되었다. 따라서 청국장 배합 사료는 난소적출 마우스 면역계의 조절 기전에 작용하여 면역세포 활성을 촉진시키고 효과적으로 작용할 수 있으리라 사료된다. 이러한 연구 결과를 토대로 기능성 식품 개발에 기초연구 자료가 될 것으로 기대되며 향후 청국장의 면역 활성물질의 분리 및 동정을 위한 연구의 뒷받침이 될 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 숙명여자대학교

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