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Quality Properties and Storage Characteristics of Hamburger Patty Added with Purple Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes)

자색 콜라비를 첨가한 햄버거 패티의 품질 및 저장 특성

  • 차선숙 (조선대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이재준 (조선대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2013.08.12
  • Accepted : 2013.10.07
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

This study is performed to evaluate the effects of purple Kohlrabi addition on the quality properties and stability characteristics of hamburger patties during storage. The patties were prepared by adding 0% (N), 3.3% (K1), 6.6% (K2), and 10% (K3) of chopped purple Kohlrabi. Each patty was tested in triplicate and assigned to one of the four storage periods: 0, 5, 10, or 15 days. Addition of Kohlrabi decreased the protein and lipid contents, however, the ash and moisture contents were significantly increased. The total amino acid contents of N, K1, K2, and K3 were $15.34{\pm}1.02$, $14.57{\pm}1.28$, $15.10{\pm}1.17$, and $16.70{\pm}1.23$ mg/100 g, respectively. Palmitic acid was the most abundant among the saturated fatty acids, while oleic acid was the most abundant unsaturated fatty acids among the four groups. The water holding capacity value and cooking loss were not significantly different among the patties. In the textural characteristics, the addition of Kohlrabi increased the cohesiveness and chewiness values, but did not affect the hardness and springiness values of the patties. In the sensory evaluation, an addition of 10% Kohlrabi had the best score in color, flavor, and total acceptability. The pH of the patties decreased longer period storage; however, the total microbial counts, thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) content increased during storage. The TBA value and VBN content of the patties containing 10% Kohlrabi were lower than those of the N. Kohlrabi addition decreased the b (yellowness) and a (redness) values, and did not affect the L (lightness) value. Thus, this result suggests that adding Kohlrabi of 10% can be applied to patties for its functionality.

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