Species-Specific Duplex PCR for Detecting the Important Fish Pathogens Vibrio anguillarum and Edwardsiella tarda

  • Jo, Geon-A (Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kwon, Sae-Bom (Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Na-Kyeong (Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Hossain, Muhammad Tofazzal (Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Yu-Ri (Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Young (Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kong, In-Soo (Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University)
  • Received : 2013.04.25
  • Accepted : 2013.09.16
  • Published : 2013.12.30


Vibriosis caused by Vibrio anguillarum and edwardsiellosis caused by Edwardsiella tarda are septicemic diseases of many commercially important freshwater and marine fishes, and threaten the aquaculture industry in Korea. Early diagnosis and accurate identification of these two bacterial species could help to prevent these diseases and minimize the damage to cultured marine species. This study designed a duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for the simultaneous detection of two major fish pathogens: V. anguillarum and E. tarda. Each pair of oligonucleotide primers exclusively amplified the target groEL gene of the specific microorganism. Twenty-two Vibrio and ten non-Vibrio enteric species were used to check the specificity of the primers, which were found to be highly specific for the target species, even among closely related species. The detection limit was 400 pg for V. anguillarum and 4 ng for E. tarda when mixed purified DNA was used as the template. This assay showed high specificity and sensitivity in the simultaneous detection of V. anguillarum and E. tarda from artificially inoculated seawater and fish.


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