- Volume 31 Issue 6
DOI QR Code
Effects of Different Rootstocks on Fruit Quality of Grafted Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
- Jang, Yoonah (National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Moon, Ji-Hye (National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Lee, Ji-Weon (National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Lee, Sang Gyu (National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Kim, Seung Yu (National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Chun, Changhoo (Department of Plant Science, Seoul National University)
- Received : 2013.04.02
- Accepted : 2013.08.13
- Published : 2013.12.31
This study was conducted to examine the effect of grafted peppers (Capsicum annuum) on different rootstocks on fruit quality. Three pepper cultivars, 'Nokkwang', 'Saengsaeng Matkkwari', and 'Shinhong' were grafted onto five commercial rootstocks that are known to be resistant to Phytophtora blight. Non-grafted or auto-grafted peppers were used as controls. Grafted plants were grown during two consecutive harvest periods by semi-forcing culture (April to August) and retarding culture (September to March the subsequent year). Full size green fruits were harvested and weighed weekly from June to August (Semi-forcing culture) and from December to March of the subsequent year (Retarding culture). The fruit size, weight, flesh thickness, and firmness were measured every month. Total marketable yield was not significantly influenced by either auto-graft of 'Nokkwang', 'Saengsaeng Matkkwari', and 'Shinhong' of pepper or grafted with the five commercial rootsctocks. By contrast, grafting influenced the apparent fruit quality of peppers. Fruit characteristics differed depending on the rootstock cultivars. However, the fruit characteristics of rootstock did not affect the fruit characteristics of scion grafted onto that rootstock. Fruit characteristics in each treatment differed among harvest time (first, second, and third harvest). Fruit quality parameters were also different as affected by the harvest period. In conclusion, apparent quality and textural property of pepper fruits were influenced by not only grafting with different rootstocks but also by the harvest period and harvest time. Accordingly, rootstock/scion combination, the scion variety and the harvest period must be carefully chosen to get the desired optimal fruit quality.
Supported by : Rural Development Administration
- Alan, O., N. Ozdemir, and Y. Gunen. 2007. Effect of grafting on watermelon plant growth, yield and quality. J. Agronomy 6:362-365. https://doi.org/10.3923/ja.2007.362.365
- Arvanitoyannis, I.S., E.M. Khah, E.C. Christakou, and F.A. Bletos. 2005. Effect of grafting and modified atmosphere packaging on eggplant quality parameters during storage. Intl. J. Food Sci. Technol. 40:311-322. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2004.00919.x
- Cho, B.C., K.W. Park, H.M. Kang, and H.K. Yun. 2004. Correlationship between climatic elements and external characteristics of red pepper fruit in different growing period. J. Bio-Environ. Control 13:73-80.
- Colla, G., Y. Rouphael, C. Leonardi, and Z. Bie. 2010. Role of grafting in vegetable crops grown under saline conditions. Scientia Hort. 127:147-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.08.004
- Davis, A.R., P. Perkins-Veazie, R. Hassell, A. Levi, S.R. King, and X. Zhang. 2008a. Grafting effects on vegetable quality. HortScience 43:1670-1672.
- Davis, A.R., P. Perkins-Veazie, Y. Sakata, S. Lopez-Galarza, J.V. Maroto, S.G. Lee, Y.C. Huh, Z. Sun, A. Miguel, S.R. King, R. Cohen, and J.M. Lee. 2008b. Cucurbit grafting. Critical Rev. Plant Sci. 27:50-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352680802053940
- Erickson, A.N. and A.H. Markhart. 2001. Flower production, fruit set, and physiology of bell pepper during elevated temperature and vapor pressure deficit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126:697-702.
- Firon, N. R. Shaked, M.M. Peet, D.M. Pharr, E. Zamski, K. Resenfeld, L. Althan, and E. Pressman. 2006. Pollen grains of heat tolerant tomato cultivars retain higher carbohydrate concentration under stress conditions. Scientia Hort. 109:212-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2006.03.007
- Flores, F.B., P. Sanchez-Bel, M.T. Estan, M.M. Martinez-Rodriguez, E. Moyano, B. Morales, J.F. Campos, J.O. Garcia-Abellan, M.I. Egea, N. Fernandez-Garcia, F. Romojaro, and M.C. Bolarin. 2010. The effectiveness of grafting to improve tomato fruit quality. Scientia Hort. 125:211-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.03.026
- Gisbert, C., P. Sanchez-Torres, M.D.Raigon, and F. Nueza. 2010. Phytophthora capsici resistance evaluation in pepper hybrids: Agronomic performance and fruit quality of pepper grafted plants. J. Food Agr. Environ. 8:116-121.
- Khah, E.M., E. Kakava, A. Mavromatis, D. Chachalis, and C. Goulas. 2006. Effect of grafting on growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) in greenhouse and open-field. J. Applied Hort. 8:3-7.
- Lee, J. and M. Oda. 2003. Grafting of herbaceous vegetable and ornamental crops. Hort. Rev. 28:61-124.
- Lee, J.M., C. Kubota, S.J. Tsao, Z. Bie, P. Hoyos Echevarria, L. Morra, and M. Oda. 2010. Current status of vegetable grafting: Diffusion, grafting techniques, automation. Scientia Hort. 127:93-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.08.003
- Lim, J., T. Kwon, K. Jang, K. Park, J. Hwang, M. Lee, and H. Kim. 2006. Cultivation of hot pepper. Youngyang Pepper Experiment Station, Youngyang, Korea.
- Louws, F.J., C.L. Rivard, and C. Kubota. 2010. Grafting fruiting vegetables to manage soil-borne pathogens, foliar pathogens, arthropods and weeds. Scientia Hort. 127:127-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.09.023
- Miguel, A., J.V. Maroto, A. San Bautista, C. Baixauli, V. Cebolla, B. Pascual, S. Lopez, and J.L. Guardiola. 2004. The grafting of triploid watermelon is an advantageous alternative to soil fumigation by methyl bromide for control of Fusarium wilt. Scientia Hort. 103:9-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2004.04.007
- National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS). 2006. Fertilizer recommendation for crops. NAAS, Suwon, Korea. p. 57-58.
- Pagamas, P. and E. Nawata. 2008. Sensitive stages of fruit and seed development of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. Shishito) exposed to high-temperature stress. Scientia Hort. 117:21-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2008.03.017
- Rural Development Administration (RDA). 2008a. Pepper cultivation (The textbook for farming no. 115). RDA, Suwon, Korea.
- Rural Development Administration (RDA). 2008b. Vegetable transplant production (The textbook for farming no. 86). RDA, Suwon, Korea.
- Rouphael, Y., D. Schwarz, A. Krumbein, and G. Colla. 2010. Impact of grafting on product quality of fruit vegetables. Scientia Hort. 127:172-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.09.001
- Sakata, Y., H. Horie, T. Ohara, Y. Kawasaki, and M. Sugiyama. 2008. Influence of rootstock cultivar and storage on the texture of cucumber fruits. J. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 77:47-53. https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs1.77.47
- Schwarz, D., Y. Rouphael, C. Colla, and J.H. Venema. 2010. Grafting as a tool to improve tolerance of vegetables to abiotic stresses: Thermal stress, water stress and organic pollutants. Scientia Hort. 127:162-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.09.016
- Traka-Mavrona, E., M. Koutsika-Sotiriou, and T. Pritsa. 2000. Response of squash (Cucurbita spp.) as rootstock for melon (Cucurbita melo L.). Scientia Hort. 83:353-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4238(99)00088-6
- Tsaballa, A., C. Athanasiadis, K. Pasentsis, I. Ganopoulos, I. Nianiou-Obeidat, and A. Tsaftaris. 2013. Molecular studies of inheritable grafting induced changes in pepper (Capsicum annuum) fruit shape. Scientia Hort. 149:2-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2012.06.018
- Yetisir, H., N. Sari, and S. Yucel. 2003. Rootstock resistance to Fusarium wilt and effect on watermelon fruit yield and quality. Phytoparasitica 31:163-169. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02980786
- Zhao, X., Y. Guo, D.J. Huber, and J. Lee. 2011. Grafting effects on postharvest ripening and quality of 1-methylcyclopropene-treated muskmelon fruit. Scientia Hort. 130:581-587. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.08.010
- New pepper accessions proved to be suitable as a genetic resource for use in breeding nematode-resistant rootstocks vol.14, pp.01, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262115000027