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Need for Development of a List of Meals for Diabetic Patients and Development of Barley-Based Diabetic Meals

당뇨병환자의 메뉴개발 요구도 및 보리이용 당뇨식단 개발

  • Ryu, Ji Hye (Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Rho, Jeong Ok (Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Chonbuk National University)
  • 류지혜 (전북대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 노정옥 (전북대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2013.04.26
  • Accepted : 2013.06.19
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop and apply a list of meals and standard recipes using barley for diabetic patients. The degree of interest and requirements of diabetic patients were investigated for the development of meals. The ingredients of the meals were selected through the diabetic literature and previous research. While developing a list of meals, dietetic therapies for diabetic patients were considered. After developing 15 kinds of meals and modifying them through sensory evaluation, a standard recipe was completed. In the standard recipe, the menu name, the ingredients, quantity, and recipe were stated and the nutritional components were indicated. Photographs of the meals were included. The calorie prescription for the diabetic patients was aimed at elderly women, that is, those 65 years old or above, based on research showing this to be the average age of diabetics. The prescribed calories were 1,500 kcal based on the food exchange list. Weekly lists of meals including the developed dishes were made for diabetic patients. The list were modified after consultation with a clinical nutritionist. When completed, one meal item was selected for each day and cooked. A photograph was taken and presented diabetic patients. This article presents the standardized recipes of the developed list of meals and applies them to modifying the diabetic diet, with an aim to be of service to diabetic patients attempting to meet their dietetic therapy goals. We also provide basic data on institutional food services for diabetic patients and nutrition education.

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