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Long-term Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Arable Soils in Korea

전국 농경지 토양 중 농약 잔류량 모니터링 및 연차별 변화

  • Park, Byung-Jun (Department of Agro-food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Byeong-Moo (Hankyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Chan-Sub (Department of Agro-food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Park, Kyung-Hun (Department of Agro-food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Park, Sang-Won (Research Policy Planning Division, Research Policy Bureau, RDA) ;
  • Kwon, Hyeyoung (Department of Agro-food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Hyo (Department of Agro-food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, Geun-Hyoung (Department of Agro-food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lim, Sung-Jin (Department of Agro-food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • 박병준 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 이병무 (국립한경대학교) ;
  • 김찬섭 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박경훈 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박상원 (농촌진흥청 연구정책국) ;
  • 권혜영 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김진효 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 최근형 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 임성진 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부)
  • Received : 2013.11.12
  • Accepted : 2013.11.29
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

A series of monitoring studies were carried out to evaluate the residue level of pesticides in different native soils from 1999 to 2006. The nation-wide collection of soil samples from paddy, greenhouse, upland and orchard, were analyzed by GLC (ECD or NPD) and GC/MS. The results obtained are summarized as follows; out of 14 pesticides detected from paddy soils in 1999, the highest residue level was 0.25 mg $kg^{-1}$, and the frequency was 21.7% as butachlor, 20.0% as isoprothiolane, and 16.7% as iprobenfos. In 2003, 7 pesticides were detected and their frequencies were 0~36.0%; the frequency was 36.0% as isoprothiolane and 33.3% as oxadiazon. In the year 2000, 57 pesticides in the greenhouse soil samples were detected with the highest frequency of 65.3%. Of the pesticides detected, endosulfan and procymidone showed the frequency of 65.3 and 50.0%, respectively. In 2004, 19 pesticides were detected from greenhouse soils, and their frequencies and residue levels were decreased. Endosulfan and procymidone showed high detection frequencies and concentrations of 21.3 and 9.3% and 0.76 and 0.31 mg $kg^{-1}$, respectively. In 2001, a total of 25 pesticides were detected through monitoring in 170 upland soils and the highest residue level was 2.24 mg $kg^{-1}$. The detection frequencies showed the range of 0~53.5%. Especially, endosulfan showed the highest frequency of 53.5%. Residue levels and frequencies of pesticide in the year 2005 were almost the same compared with that of the year 2001. As a result of monitoring in 150 orchard soils in 2002, 26 pesticides were detected and the highest residue level was 1.43 mg $kg^{-1}$. Of them, the frequency of endosulfan showed the highest as 45.3%. In 2006, 20 pesticides were detected in orchard soils. The frequency of total endosulfan was the highest as 5.3% but was lower than that of the year 2002.

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