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Seasonal Occurrences of Insect Pests and Control Effects of Eco-friendly Agricultural Materials (EFAMs) in the Field of Lycium chinense under Environment- Friendly Management

친환경 구기자재배지에서 해충의 계절 발생소장 및 친환경유기농자재의 방제효과

  • Ryu, Tae-Hee (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Sang-Eun (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Ko, Na-Yeon (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Gon (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Shin, Heo-Seob (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kwon, Hye-Ri (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Yeong-Guk (Department of herbal Crop Research, NIHHS, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Bo-Hee (Cheongyang Boxthorn Experiment Station, Chungcheongnamdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Seo, Mi-Ja (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yu, Yong-Man (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Youn, Young-Nam (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University)
  • 류태희 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 박상은 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 고나연 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 김정곤 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 신효섭 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 권혜리 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 김영국 (국립원예특작과학원 인삼특작부) ;
  • 이보희 (충남농업기술원 청양구기자시험장) ;
  • 서미자 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 유용만 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 윤영남 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과)
  • Received : 2013.10.28
  • Accepted : 2013.12.03
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Insect pests damages are increasing on the field of Lycium chinense under environment- friendly management Thus, we was to monitor the occurrence of pests on organic L. chinense in Chungnam Cheongyang and, insecticidal effect of eco-friendly agricultural materials (EFAMs) were tested against major pests. When the buds come out, injury by L. chinense was very high causing the high population density of Myzus persicae in late May and early June, and the injury by Lema decempunctata was increased from mid-June. Otherwise, injuries by Eriophys macrodonis, Henosepilachna vigintioctomaculata and Hedma spp. were continued throughout the growing season. From the fruit held in late July, Hemipteran insects including Plautia stali and Halyomorpba balys were sucking the fruit, and their injury to L. chinense were gradually increased. For the eco-friendly environmental control of M. persicae, L. decempunctata and E. macrodonis, EFAMs containing Sophora flavescens, Melia azedarach (Chinaberry), Chenopodium ambrosioides (Mexican tea), Quassia amara (Amargo), Stemona sessilifolia, Sophora seeds and Nepeta cataria (Catmint), were selected and used to control the insect pests. Control effects of the mixed extract with S. flavescens and Sophora seeds against M. persicae and L. decempunctata were higher than any other EFAM as 84.0% and 86.6%, respectively. In case of E. macrodonis, its control effect was good with the mixed extract with S. flavescens, C. ambrosioides and M. azedarach.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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