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Insecticidal Activity of 7 Herbal Extracts against Black Pine Bast scale, Matsucoccus thunbergianae

솔껍질깍지벌레에 대한 7종류 한약재 추출물의 살충활성

  • Song, Jin Sun (Horticultural & Herbal Crop Environment Division, National Horticulture of Horticultural & Herbal Science) ;
  • Lee, Chae Min (Department of Ecological Science, College of Ecology and Environment Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Sang Myeong (Department of Ecological Science, College of Ecology and Environment Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Dong Su (Southern Forest Resources Research Center of the Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Choi, Young Hwa (School of Ecology and Environmental System, College of Ecology and Environment Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Dong Woon (Department of Ecological Science, College of Ecology and Environment Sciences, Kyungpook National University)
  • 송진선 (원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 이채민 (경북대학교 생태환경대학 생태과학과) ;
  • 이상명 (경북대학교 생태환경대학 생태과학과) ;
  • 김동수 (국립산림과학원 남부산림자원연구소) ;
  • 최용화 (경북대학교 생태환경대학 생태환경시스템학부) ;
  • 이동운 (경북대학교 생태환경대학 생태과학과)
  • Received : 2013.09.13
  • Accepted : 2013.10.13
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

The black pine bast scale, Matsucoccus thunbergianae is one of the most serious insect pest in Japanese black pine, Pinus thunbergii forest in Korea. Insecticidal activity of 10 folds hot water extracts from 7 herbal plants (Atractylodes lancea, Eugenia caryophyllata, Lonicera japonica, Melia azedarach, Quisqualis indica, Sophora flavescens and Taraxacum mongolicum) were tested against different stage of M. thunbergianae using spray method both in laboratory and field. Efficacies of herbal extracts were different depending on stage of M. thunbergianae. Q. indica sprayed with hand sprayer produced the highest corrected mortality of 95.7% on intermidiated nymph stage, however, A. lancea produced the highest corrected mortality (51.3%) on pupae of M. thunbergianae in laboratory. Q. indica and A. lancea were highly effective against female M. thunbergianae in laboratory, however, corrected mortality was lower than other stage (40.0%). Efficacy of Q. indica was similar to effective insecticide, fenitrothion 50% EC against M. thunbergianae in field trials. These results indicated that Q. indica could be an environmental friendly control agent of M. thunbergianae.

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