Occurrence of Insect Pests and Natural Enemies in Pear Orchard with Hairy Vetch

헤어리베치 재배과원에서 해충과 천적의 발생

  • Choi, Yong-Seok (Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services Yesan) ;
  • Whang, In-Su (Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services Yesan) ;
  • Park, Deog-Kee (Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services Yesan) ;
  • Choe, Gwang-Ryul (Department of Applied Biology, Chungnam National Univ.)
  • Received : 2013.11.05
  • Accepted : 2013.12.05
  • Published : 2013.12.31


We investigated the occurrence of major pests, 4 species of moths (Grapholita dimorpha Busck, Carposina sasakii Matsumura, Archips breviplicanus Walsingham, Adoxophyes orana Fischer von Roslerstamm), apple aphid (Aphis spiraecola Patch), two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) and parasitoids in pear orchard with hairy vetch and cutting weeds in Yesan, Chungnam province during the flowering season and summer depression season of hairy vetch, in 2012 and 2013. The occurrence of 4 species of moths in hairy vetch plot and cutting weeds (major is finger grass, Digitaria sanguinalis, 80%) were little different but in case of apple aphid, the density in hairy vetch plot was just 95 aphids per stem at 20th June but low after then. The density of two spotted spider mite on pear leaf in hairy vetch plot was lower than in cutting weeds plot significantly. The number of parasitoids collected in hairy vetch plot during flowering season (May and June) were 398 and 798 in 2012 and 2013, respectively. The number of parasitoids collected in hairy vetch plot during summer depression season (July and August) were 114 and 172, respectively. But in cutting weeds plot, 9 and 22 in May and June, 8 and 5 in July and August. We didn't know either hairy vetch in pear orchard affected the occurrence of 4 species of moths, apple aphid and two spotted spider mite or not but was acted to be favorable for wasps, the natural enemies on the contrary. The improvement of chemical control systems through the selection of low chemicals to natural enemies with cover and green manure plants would turn effective pest management into a possibility.


Supported by : 국립식량과학원


  1. Andow, D. A. (1985) Plant diversification and insect population control in agroecosystems. In D. Pimentel (ed.). Some aspects of integrated pest management. Dept. of Entomol, Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY.
  2. Brown, M. W. and W. V. Welker (1992) Development of the phytophagous arthropod community as affected by orchard management. Environ. Entomol. 21:485-492.
  3. Cardina, J. (1995) Biological weed management. In: Smith, A.E. (Ed.), Handbook of Weed Management Systems. pp. 279-341. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA.
  4. Choi, K. H., D. H. Lee, Y. Y. Song, J. C. Nam and S. W. Lee (2010) Current status on the occurrence and management of disease, insect and mites pests in the non-chemical or organic cultured apple orchards in Korea. Kor. J. Organic Agric. 18:221-232.
  5. Croft, B. A. and S. C. Hoyt (1983) Integrated management of insect pests of pome and stone fruits. New York: Wiley Intersci. pp. 454.
  6. Croft, B. A. and D. L. McGroaty (1977) The role of Amblyseius fallacis in Michigan apple orchards, Mich, Exp. Sta. Res. Rpt. 333, pp. 22.
  7. Duxbury, J. M., M. S. Smith and J. W. Doran (1989) Soil organic matter as source and a sink of plant nutrients, In: Colenman, D.C. et al. (eds.). Dynamics of soil organic matter in tropical ecosystems, pp. 33-68. Univ. Hawaii Press, Honolulu, USA.
  8. Kim, D. S., J. H. Lee, H. Y. Jeon, M. S. Yiem and K. Y. Kim (1995) Community structure of phytophagous arthropods and their natural enemies at different weed management systems in apple orchards. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 34:256-265.
  9. Kuo, S. and U. M. Sainju (1997) Winter cover crop effects on soil organic carbon and carbohydrate in soil. Soil Sci. 61: 145-152.
  10. McGill, W. B., K. R. Cannon, J. A. Roberson and F. D. Cook (1986) Dynamics of soil microbial biomass and watersoluble organic carbon in Breton L after 50 years of cropping to two rotations. Can. J. Soil. Sci. 66:1-19.
  11. Murdoch, W. W. (1975) Diversity, complexity, stability, and pest control. J. Appl. Ecol. 12:795-807.
  12. Peck, G. M., P. K. Andrew, C. Rhichter and J. P. Renanold (2005) Internationalization of the organic fruit market: The case of Washington State's organic apple exports to the European Union. Rennewable Agr. Food Sys. 20:101-112.
  13. Petersen, J. and A. Rover (2005) Comparison of sugar beet cropping systems with dead and living mulch using a glyphosate-resistant hybrid. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 191:55-63.
  14. Ramos, M. E., E. Benitez, P. A. Garcia and A. B. Robles (2010) Cover crops under different management vs. frequent tillage in almond orchards in semiarid conditions: Effects on soil quality. Appl. Soil Ecol. 44:6-14.
  15. Risch, S. J., D. Andow and M. A. Altieri (1983) Agroecosystem diversity and pest control; data, tentative conclustions, and new research directions. Environ. Entomol. 12:625-629.
  16. Root, R. B. (1973) Organization of a plant-arthropod association in simple and diverse habitats: the fauna of collards (Brassica oleracen). Ecol. Monogr. 43:94-125.
  17. Sakamoto, K. and Y. Oba (1993) Relationship between available N and soil biomass in upland field soils. Jpn. J. Soil. Sci. Plant Nutr. 64:42-48.
  18. Seo, J. H., H. J. Lee, I. B. Huh and S. J. Kim (1998) Effect of hairy vetch(Vicia villosa Roth) green manure on maize growth and nitrogen uptake. RDA. J. Agro-Environ. Sci. 40: 62-68.
  19. Sheehan, W. (1986) Response by specialist and generalist natural enemies to agroecosystem diversification: a selective review. Environ. Entomol. 15:456-461.
  20. Seo, M. J., H. R. Kwon, K. S. Yoon, M. A. Kang, M. W. Park, S. H. Jo, H. S. Shin, S. H. Kim, E. J. Kang, Y. M. Yu and Y. N. Youn (2011) Seanal occurrence, Development and Preference of Riptortus pedestris on hairy vetch. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 50:47-53.
  21. Van Emden, H. F. and G. F. Williams (1974) Insect stability and diversity in agroecosystem. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 19:455-475.