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Evaluation of Honeybee Acute Toxicity of Plant Extracts, Neem, Sophora and Derris

식물추출 유기농업자재 3종(님, 고삼, 데리스 추출물)의 꿀벌에 대한 독성평가

  • Oh, Jin-A (Chemical Safety Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, Jin-Hee (Chemical Safety Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choe, Mi-Seon (Chemical Safety Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Hyo (Chemical Safety Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Paik, Min-Kyoung (Chemical Safety Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Park, Kyung-Hun (Chemical Safety Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hong, Soon-Sung (Agro-Material Safety Evaluating Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Je-Bong (Agro-Material Safety Evaluating Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Doo-Ho (Chemical Safety Division, Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • 오진아 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 최진희 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 최미선 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 김진효 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 백민경 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 박경훈 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 홍순성 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 농자재평가과) ;
  • 이제봉 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 농자재평가과) ;
  • 김두호 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부 화학물질안전과)
  • Received : 2013.10.25
  • Accepted : 2013.11.29
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

This study was performed to evaluate the acute contact and oral toxicity of plant extracts (neem, sophora and derris) against Honeybee (Apis mellifera L.). As a result of acute contact toxicity test, $LD_{50}$ of neem and derris extracts were more than 100 ${\mu}g/bee$ while $LD_{50}$ of sophora extracts were 1.7 ${\mu}g/bee$. In case of acute oral toxicity test, $LD_{50}$ of neem and derris extracts were more than 100 ${\mu}g/bee$ while $LD_{50}$ of sophora extracts were 1.7 and 0.3 ${\mu}g/bee$. In conclusion, it is evaluated that neem and derris extracts are practically nontoxic while sophora extracts are highly toxic.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원

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