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Effects of Foot Type and Ankle Joint Fatigue Levels on the Trajectories of COP and COM during a Single-Leg Stance

발의 유형과 발목 관절 피로 수준이 외발서기 시 압력중심점과 질량중심점 궤적에 미치는 영향

  • Shin, Young-Hwa (Department of Physical Education, Graduate School, Dong-A University) ;
  • Youm, Chang-Hong (Department of Coaching, College of Sport Sciences, Dong-A University) ;
  • Son, Min-Ji (Department of Taekwondo, Graduate School, Dong-A University)
  • 신영화 (동아대학교 대학원 체육학과) ;
  • 염창홍 (동아대학교 스포츠과학대학 스포츠지도학과) ;
  • 손민지 (동아대학교 대학원 태권도학과)
  • Received : 2013.10.28
  • Accepted : 2013.12.18
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of foot type and ankle joint fatigue levels on the trajectories of center of pressure and center of mass during a single-leg stance. The study subjects included 24 healthy women (normal foot group, n=10; pronated foot group, n=14). Ankle joint muscle fatigue was induced by using an isokinetic dynamometer, where the fatigue levels were measured on plantar flexion and dorsiflexion at angular velocities of $30^{\circ}/s$ at 50% and 30% of the peak torque of ankle plantar flexion. Following assessments in the anteroposterior direction according to the level of fatigue, the pronated foot group showed decreased single-leg stance ability at 50% and 30% of the fatigue level. Moreover, the normal foot group showed better single-leg stance ability than the pronated foot group at 30% of the fatigue level. Following assessments in the mediolateral direction, we noted that the single-leg stance ability did not differ significantly according to the levels of fatigue or foot type. In conclusion, ankle plantar flexion at 50% and 30% of the peak torque reduced the ability of the pronated foot group to achieve a single leg stance in the anteroposterior direction. Moreover, the normal foot group showed better single-leg stance ability than the pronated foot group.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 동아대학교

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