DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Self-Control, Parent-Adolescent Communication, and School Life Satisfaction on Smart-phone Addiction for Middle School Students

중학생의 자기통제, 부모-자녀 간의 의사소통 및 학교생활만족도가 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Su Jin (Dept. of Child & Family Studies, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Moon, Hyuk Jun (Dept. of Child & Family Studies, The Catholic University of Korea)
  • 이수진 (가톨릭대학교 아동학전공) ;
  • 문혁준 (가톨릭대학교 아동학전공)
  • Received : 2013.08.12
  • Accepted : 2013.12.12
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

This study is to examine (the) effects of self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction on smart-phone addiction for middle school students. The 127 students who were classified as smart-phone addicts among first to third grade at two middle schools located in Gyunggido were sampled with a survey. T-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis were used. The results of study were as follows. First, smart-phone addiction make no difference according to adolescent's sex and grade. Second, the relations between smart-phone addiction and the factors included self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction were negatively correlated. As a result, the higher self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction were, the lower smart -phone addiction was. Third, it is significant as variable that adverse effect, low rank class of parent-adolescent communication and personal relationship, same class as the former of school life satisfaction exert influence on smart phone addiction.

References

  1. An, S. H. (2013). A high school student's smart-phone addiction situation and school life in relationship with the misfits. Unpublished master's thesis, Yongnam Graduate School of Education, Korea.
  2. Barnes, H. L. & Olsin, D. H. (1982). Parent-adolescent communication family inventories. Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
  3. Cha, M. S. (2006). Moderating Variables on The Effect of Loneliness on Danger of The Mobile Phone Addiction to Adolescents. Unpublished master's thesis, Sook Myung University, Korea.
  4. Christensen, M. H., Orzack, M. H., Babington, L. M. & Pastsdaughter, C. A. (2001). Computer addiction: When monitor becomes control center. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 39(3), 40-49
  5. Ginott, H. G. (1961). Group psychotherapy with children: the theory and practice of play-therapy. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  6. Gottfredson, M. R. & Hirshi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press.
  7. Hwang, S. I. (2013). Study on ecological factors affecting adolescent smart phone addiction. Unpublished master's thesis, Joseon University, Korea.
  8. Hwang, H. S., Sohn, S. H. & Choi, Y. J. (2011). Exploring factors affecting smart-phone addiction: Characteristics of users and functional attributes. Korean Association for Broadcasting & Telecommunication Studies, 25(2), 277-313.
  9. Im, K. M. (2005). A study on self-efficacy and self-control in middle school students with the mobile phone addiction. Unpublished master's thesis, Chungnam Graduate School of Education, Korea.
  10. Jang, H. J. (2002). (The) Psychological characteristics of adolescents addictive using cellular phone. Unpublished master's thesis, Seongshin Women's University, Korea.
  11. Johnson, W. L. & Johnson, A. M. (1993). Validity of the quality of school life scale: A primary and second-order factor analysis. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 53, 145-153. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164493053001016
  12. Jo, H. O. (2012). Differences in middle school students self-esteem, impulsiveness and perceived stress according to level of smart-phone addiction. Unpublished master's thesis, Gyemyeong University, Korea.
  13. Jo, S. J. (2012). Relationship between smart-phone addiction and self-esteem, impulsiveness and sociability among high school students. Unpublished master's thesis, Seogang Graduate School of Education, Korea.
  14. Kim, D. Y. & Yang, H. J. (2005). Parent-child-adapted communication and its impact on the type of school. Social science review, 23(2), 273-292
  15. Kim, N. S. & Lee, K. E. (2012). Effects of self-control, life stress on smart -phone addiction for university students. Journal of The Korea Society of Health Informatics and Statistics, 37(2), 72-83.
  16. Kim, S. H. (2010). Effects of perceived attributes on the purchase intention of smart-phone. International Journal of Contents, 10(9), 318-326.
  17. Kim, J. Y. (2009). A high school student's school life satisfaction scale developed and appropriate shoes research. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Wongwang University, Korea.
  18. Kim, H. S. (1998). Model development of affecting factors on health behavior and juvenile delinquency of adolescents. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Seoul National University, Korea.
  19. Kim, H. J., Kim, J. H. & Jeung, S. H. (2012). Predictors of smart-phone addiction and behavioral patterns. Cybercommunication Academic Society, 29(4), 55-93.
  20. Kim, H. J. (2013). The influence of adolescents smart-phone addiction on sociality development and school adaptation. Unpublished master's thesis, Honam Graduate School of Technology & Business Administration, Korea.
  21. Korea Communications Commission. (2013). Wire/wireless telecommunication service subscribers statistics(Based on the end of January, 2013).
  22. Lee, B. S. (2008). A Study on Self Concept, Self Control and Cellular Phone Addiction of Middle School Students. Unpublished master's thesis, Sang Myung Graduate School of Education, Korea.
  23. Lee, K. Y. (2001). (The) Study on internet addiction of adolescent. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ewha Womans University, Korea.
  24. Lee, J. S. & Myeong, S. Y. (2007). A study on adolescents parent-adolescent communication and interpersonal relation disposition according to their mobile phone addiction. Korean Association of Psychotherapy for Adolescent, 2(1), 1-25.
  25. Lee, H. N. (2010). Impact of using mobile phones and self-control on school adjustment in middle schoolers. Unpublished master's thesis, Chonnam National University, Korea.
  26. Lee, M. S., Oh, E. Y., Cho, S. M., Hong, M. J. & Moon, J. S. (2001). An Assessment of Adolescent Internet Addiction Problems Related to Depression Social Anxiety and Peer Relationship. Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc, 40(4), 616-626.
  27. Lee, S. H., Lee, S. Y., Kim, E. J. & Oh, S. K. (2000). Adolescent Internet addiction and children's education. Seoul: Samsung life insurance.
  28. Logue, A. W. (1995). Self-control. New York: Prentice Hall.
  29. Min, H. Y. (1990). Circumplex model and parent-adolescent communication. Unpublished master's thesis, Yonsei University, Korea.
  30. Nam, H. M. (1999). The family's psychological environment and youth's self -control and friends attribute and impact on the problem behavior. Unpublished master's thesis, Seoul National University, Korea.
  31. National Information Society Agency (2012. 03). Survey of internet addiction 2011
  32. National Information Society Agency (2011 .11). Development of Korean smart -phone addiction proneness scale for youth and adults.
  33. O'Reilly, M. (1996). Internet addiction: A new disorder enters the medical lexion. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 154, 1882-1883
  34. Park, J. S. (2012). The variables in influencing on smart-phone addiction in adolescents and college students. Unpublished master's thesis, Dankook University, Korea.
  35. Park, I. G. & Shin, D. H.(2010). Using the uses and gratifications theory to understand the usage and the gratifications of smart-phones. Korean Regional Communication Research Association, 10(4), 192-225.
  36. Rohrbeck, C. A., Azar, S. T. & Wagner, P. E. (1991). Adolescent self-control rating scale: Validation of a adolescent self-report measure. Journal of Clinical Adolescent Psychology, 20(2), 179-183. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp2002_9
  37. Seo, A. J. (2013). Effects of high school student's self-control and stress-coping styles on smart-phone use. Unpublished master's thesis, Hanyang University, Korea.
  38. Yang, J. H. (2011). Study on the Effect of Loneliness and Self-control of University Students on the Addictive Inclination to Mobile Phones. Dong Shin Graduate School of Social Development, Unpublished master's thesis.
  39. Yeo, H. J. (2013). Factors related to smart-phone addiction risk of adolescents. Unpublished master's thesis, Catholic University Of Daegu, Korea.
  40. You, M. S. & Kwon, M. K. (2011). The Comparative Study on Mother's Rearing Attitude and Communication among Mother and Student between Mobile Phone Addiction Group and Non-addiction Group: Middle School Students.
  41. Yu, P. S. (2010). A Study of the relationship among academic records, parents -adolescent communication, and cellular phone addiction in middle school students. Korea Youth Research Association, 17(1), 33-51.
  42. Yoon, Y. S. (2013). The relationship between the using smart-phone and mental health state of middle school students: Focused on schools in east Incheon district office of education. Unpublished master's thesis, Inha University Of Policy Science, Korea.
  43. Zsolt, D., Beatrix, S. & Samdor, R. (2008). The three-factor model of Internet addiction: The development of the Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire. Behavior Research Methods, 40(2), 563-574. https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.40.2.563

Cited by

  1. Effects of Self-Control and School Adjustment on Smartphone Addiction among Elementary School Students vol.11, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5392/IJoC.2015.11.3.001
  2. Comparison of Gender Factors Affecting Middle School Students' Smartphone Addiction vol.24, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2015.24.3.145
  3. Effects of Academic Stress in Middle School Students on Smartphone Addiction: Moderating Effect of Self-esteem and Self-control vol.25, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.3.262
  4. Smartphone Addiction and Depression: The Mediating Effects of Self-esteem and Resilience among Middle School Students vol.28, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.3.280
  5. The Mediating Effects of Parent-adolescent Communication and School Life Adjustment in Relationship between Adolescent’s Self-control and Smartphone Overdependence vol.27, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5934/kjhe.2018.27.2.91