- Volume 22 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Diversity of Epiphyte in the Warm Temperate Evergreen Forest. Jejudo
제주도 난대상록수림에서 착생식물의 다양성 연구
Song, Kuk-Man;Kang, Young-Je;Hyeon, Hwa-Ja;Byun, Kwang-Ok
- Received : 2012.10.15
- Accepted : 2013.01.23
- Published : 2013.01.31
This study surveyed the distribution and characteristics of epiphytes and host trees in Jejudo's warm-temperate evergreen forests area. The gathered data will be used for evaluating ecological changes according to climate change. The study found 46 species of epiphytes in Jejudo; 12 of which were species of pteridophytes and 5 species of orchids, totaling 17 species of epiphytes. The appearance frequency was the greatest with Lepisorus thunbergianus, followed by Lemmaphyllum microphyllum and Lepisorus onoei. The area with the greatest diversity of epiphytes was nutmeg tree forests which have the largest number of 2.89 average species. Lemmaphyllum microphyllum had the greatest percent cover of the epiphytes whose importance was found to be the greatest. The factors involved were the epiphytes' diversity index (0.64), maximum species diversity (1.23), evenness (0.52), and dominance (0.48). The study has noted the distribution characteristics of epiphytes according to altitudes above sea level. The Lemmaphyllum microphyllum can survive at an altitude of 600 m above sea level, Lepisorus thunbergianus at 200 - 1,400m above sea level, Lepisorus onoei. at 400 - 1,000 m, and Gonocormus minutus at an altitude above 800 m. The host trees, consisting of Quercus serrata, Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii, and Carpinus laxiflora, stands at 2-19 m high and 2.5 - 120 cm wide, showing diverse kinds of trees and sizes. Jejudo's warm-temperate evergreen forests have lower epiphyte diversity compared with those of subtropical and tropical areas in Japan and China. Based on the characteristics of the host trees order, epiphytes' distribution associated with the altitude above sea level was typical.
Epiphyte;Warm temperate evergreen forest;Jejudo
- Cha, J. W., 1970, The communities of the Crinum maritimum and Torreya nucifera = Ecological studies on plant communities of Quelpart Island, Korea Journal of Plant Biology, 13(1), 13-24.
- Hattori, T., Asami, K., Kodate, S., Ishida, H., Minamiyama, N., Akamatsu, H., 2003, Distribution of the lucidophyllous elements and species richness of lucidophyllous forest along the micro-scale geomorphic condition in Kawanaka, Aya, Miyazaki Prefecture, Vegetation Science, 20, 31-42.
- Hattori, T., Tochimoto, D., Iwakiri, K., Minamiyama, N., Hashimoto, Y., 2007, Species richness epiphytes in a lucidophyllous forest in Kawanaka, Aya, Miyazaki Prefecture, Vegetation Science, 24, 73-83.
- Hattori, T., Tochimoto, D., Minamiyama, N., Hashimoto, Y., Sawada, Y., Ishida, H., 2009, Species richness and species composition of vascular spiphytes in the Iucidophyllous forests in southern Kyushu, Vegetation Science, 26, 49-61.
- Ishida, H., Hattori, T., Hashimoto, Y., 2005, Comparision of species composition and richness among primebal, natural, and secondary lucidophyllous forests in southeastern Kyushu, Japan, Vegetation Science, 22, 71-86.
- Kang, Y. J., 2009, Species richness of epiphyte on forest vegetation in Jeju, Ph. D. Dissertation, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
- Kim, J. M., Kim, C. S., Park, B. G., 1987, The vegetation survey method, Ilsinsa, Seoul, Korea, 1-170.
- Kim, M, H., Oh, H. D., 1980, A study on the flora of cheonjeyeon vally, Cheju University Journal, Cheju, Korea, 12, 169-177.
- Kim, M. H., Song, G. P., Moon, M. O., Hyun, H. J., Song, K. M., 2006, A report of scientific investigation Asplenium antiqumm habitat located, Jejudo, Seogwipo City, Jeju, Korea.
- Koh, K. S., Lee, Y, M., Kim, T. W., Bae, J. O., 1991, The endangered plants in Chejudo, Seoul National University col. Agricultural Research, 16(2), 71-81.
- Lee, C. B., 2003, An Illustrated Book of the Korean Flora. Hyangmoonsa, Seoul, Korea, 1-910.
- Lee, W. C., 1996, An Illustrated Guide to Korean Flora, Academybook, Seoul, Korea, 1-1688.
- Lee, Y. M., 2002, The statistical ecology, Chonnam National University Publication, Gwangju, Korea, 1-262.
- Matsumura, T., Hattori, T., Hashimoto, Y., Ban, K., 2007, Relationship between cover of evergreen species and species richness or species composition of coppice forest in Hokusrtsu area, Hyogo, western Japan, Vegetation Science, 24, 4-52.
- Minagawa, R., Nakamura, T., 1997, Epiphyte ecology and characteristics of climbing plants in the tropical dry forest of Thailand, J. Agri. Sci., Tokyo Nogyo Univ., 42(1), 20-30.
- Moon, M. O., 2007, Pteridophyte Flora of Jeju Island, Korea, Ph. D. Dissertation, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
- Park, M. G., 1975, An illustrated guide to Korean flora[fauna] vol. 16 (Pteridophyta), The Education Department, Seoul, Korea, 1-549.
- Park, M. G., Lee, Y. N., 1968, Hallasan and Hongdo, A report of scientific investigation, A Ministry of Culture and Communications, Seoul, Korea, 15-166.
- Raunkiær, 1937, The life forms of plants and statistical Plant Geography, Oxford University Press, 8-104.
- Rim, Y. D., Kim, S. N., 1994, On the Distribution and Ecology Family Orchidaceae with Elevation in Mt. Halla of Chejudo, Incheon National University of Education Journal, Incheon, Korea, 28(1), 271-290.
- Tochimoto, D., Hattori, T., Iwakiri, K., Minamiyama, N., Sawada, Y., 2008, Species richness or species composition of epiphytes in a lucidophyllous forest in Mt. Omoridake, Aya, Miyazaki Prefecture, Vegetation Science, 25, 63-72.
- Yeocheon Ecology Research Society, 2005, Hyundae ecology experiment, Kyomunsa, Seoul, Korea, 1-370.
- Zotz, G., Schultz, S., 2008, The vascular epiphytes of a lowland forest in Panama species composition and spatial structure, Plant Ecology, 193, 131-141.