Effects of Resistance and Resistance & Stabilization Exercises on the Strength of Lumbar and Lower Limbs of the Elderly

Choi, Seok Joo;Kim, Jong Woo;Hwang, Byeong Jun

  • 투고 : 2013.07.29
  • 심사 : 2013.09.24
  • 발행 : 2013.10.30


The purpose of this study is to identify the effective lumbar area exercise program to prevent falls of the elderly by dividing 14 female elders over 65 living in Daegu into two groups such as resistance exercise group and resistance & stabilization exercise group, and applying a 60 minute exercise program three times a week for 12 weeks. The followings are the results. First, both of resistance exercise and resistance & stabilization exercise brought improvement of lumbar strength and there was no significant difference between two groups. Second, there was no significant difference in lower limb strength in resistance exercise group but resistance & stabilization exercise group showed significant increase in lower limb flexor strength. To make a summary of the above results, it can be said that 12 weeks' resistance & stabilization exercise is effective to the lumbar strength and lower limb strength of the elderly. Accordingly, if combining resistance exercise and stabilization exercise appropriately, we can build a successful preventive program which even the elderly who cannot perform resistance exercise easily can follow.


Resistance Exercise;Stabilization Exercise;Elderly


  1. Mark AW. Human Development and Aging. ACSCM resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription 4th edition. Lippiincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001; 513-19.
  2. Peate WF, Bates G, Lunda K et al. Core strength: A new model for injury prediction and prevention. J Occul Med Toxicol 2007; 2(3): 1-9.
  3. Hicks GE, Simonsick EM, Harris TB et al. Trunk muscle composition as a predictor of reduced functional capacity in the health, aging and body composition study the moderating role of back pain. J Gerontol, 2005; 60: 420-24.
  4. Comerford MJ, Mottram SL. Functional stability re-training: principles and strategies for managing mechanical dysfunction. Man Ther 2001; 6(1): 3-14.
  5. Borghuis J, Hof AL, Lemmink KA. The importance of sensory-motor control in providing core stabilization: Impmeas train Sports Med 2008; 38(11): 893-916.
  6. McGill SM. Low back stabilization from formal description to issues for performance and rehabilitation. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2001; 9(1): 26-31.
  7. Danneels LA, Cools AM, Vanderstraeten GG, et al. The effects of three different training modalities on the cross-sectional area of the paravertebral muscle. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2001; 11: 335-341.
  8. McGil SM, Grenier S, Kavcic N et al. Coordination of muscle activity to assure stability of the lumbar spine. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2003; 13: 353-9.
  9. Hides J, Wilson S, Stanton W et al. An MRI Investigation into the function of the transversus abdominis muscle during "drawing-in" of the abdominal wall. Spine 2006; 31(6): 175-8.
  10. Kim JW, LEE DY. The Effect of resistive and stability exercises for lumbar muscles on the strength, cross-sectional area and balance. J sports leisure studies 2010; 39: 737-45.
  11. Arokoski JP, Valta T, Airaksinen O et al. Back and abdominal muscle function during stabilization exercises. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001; 82: 1089-1098.
  12. Donald A. Kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system.(Kim JM, Kim K, Kim KY). 2004, Seoul : Jungdammedia.
  13. Park KY, Hong SM, Choi KH et al. The relationships among isokinetic trunk muscle, knee, and ankle strengths of soccer players. Korea sport Res 2003; 14(6): 1401-16.
  14. Kim SS, Kim MK. The effect of spinal stablization and extension exercise program for lumbar extension on chronic and post operation low back pain patient. Int J coach sci 2007; 9(1): 65-174.
  15. Han KS, So JM, Lee KJ et al. The effect of isotonic excercise on a change for extended strength ratio(ESR) according to a posture change for the aged a low back pain patients. Korean J sport Biomechnics 2006; 16(4): 195-203.
  16. Kim JW. The Effect of exercises types for strengthening lumbar muscles on the function of lumbar and extremities muscles. keimung University Graduate School. 2009.
  17. Carpes FP, Reinehr FB, Mota CB. Effects of a program for trunk strength and stability on pain, low back and pelvis kinematics, and body balance: A pilot study. J of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 2008; 12: 22-30.
  18. Konrad P, Schmitz K, Danner A. Neuromuscular evaluation of trunk training exercises. J Athl Train 2001; 36(2): 109-118.
  19. Kim EO, Kim TH, No JS et al. The influence of abdominal drawing-in maneuver on lumbar lordosis and trunk and lower extremity muscle activity during bridging exercise. Phys Ther Korea 2009; 16(1): 1-9.