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Evaluation of Anti-SE Bacteriophage as Feed Additives to Prevent Salmonella enteritidis (SE) in Broiler

  • Kim, K.H. (Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, G.Y. (Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jang, J.C. (Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, J.E. (CJ Cheiljedang Corporation) ;
  • Kim, Y.Y. (Department of Agriculture Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2012.03.14
  • Accepted : 2012.07.31
  • Published : 2013.03.01

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to evaluate anti-Salmonella enteritidis (anti-SE) bacteriophage as feed additives to prevent Salmonella enteritidis in broilers. The experimental diets were formulated for 2 phases feeding trial, and 3 different levels (0.05, 0.1 and 0.2%) of anti-SE bacteriophage were supplemented in basal diet. The basal diet was regarded as the control treatment. A total of 320 1-d-old male broilers (Ross 308) were allotted by randomized complete block (RCB) design in 8 replicates with 10 chicks per pen. All birds were raised on rice hull bedding in ambient controlled environment and free access to feed and water. There were no significant differences in body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) at terminal period among treatments (p>0.05). Relative weights of liver, spleen, abdominal fat and tissue muscle of breast obtained from each anti-SE bacteriophage treatment were similar to control, with a slightly higher value in anti-SE bacteriophage 0.2%. In addition, a numerical difference of glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and LDL cholesterol level was observed in the 0.2% anti-SE bacteriophage application even though blood profiles were not significantly affected by supplemented levels of anti-SE bacteriophage (p>0.05). In the result of a 14 d record after Salmonella enteritidis challenge of 160 birds from 4 previous treatments, mortality was linearly decreased with increasing anti-SE bacteriophage level (p<0.05), and Salmonella enteritidis concentration in the cecum was decreased with increasing levels of anti-SE bacteriophage (p<0.05). Based on the results of this study, it is considered that supplementation of 0.2% anti-SE bacteriophage may not cause any negative effect on growth, meat production, and it reduces mortality after Salmonella enteritidis challenge. These results imply to a possible use of anti-SE bacteriophage as an alternative feed additive instead of antibiotics in broilers diet.

Keywords

Bacteriophage;Salmonella enteritidis;Phage Titer;Broiler

Acknowledgement

Supported by : CJ Cheiljedang Corporation

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