DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Dietary Olive Oil on Growth Performance, Carcass Parameters, Serum Characteristics, and Fatty Acid Composition of Breast and Drumstick Meat in Broilers

  • Zhang, Z.F. (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Zhou, T.X. (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, I.H. (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University)
  • Received : 2012.09.10
  • Accepted : 2012.10.11
  • Published : 2013.03.01

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary olive oil on growth performance, carcass parameters, serum characteristics, and fatty acid composition of breast and drumstick meat in broiler chickens. A total of 480 broilers were randomly allotted into three dietary treatments, including T (basal diet, 5% tallow), O1 (2% olive oil+3% tallow), and O2 (5% olive oil). During d 0 to 21, broilers fed the diet supplemented with 5% olive oil showed lower (p<0.05) body weight gain (BWG) and feed intake (FI) compared with those fed the T diet. Serum triglyceride concentration was reduced (p<0.05), while high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol concentration was increased (p<0.05) in the O2 treatment group compared with the T and O1 treatment groups. The addition of olive oil to the diets induced a reduction (p<0.05) in the total saturated fatty acid (SFA) contents in breast and drumstick meat, and increased (p<0.05) the total unsaturated fatty acid (USFA) contents and USFA/SFA ratios. In conclusion, a diet with 5% olive oil could decrease BWG and FI of broilers during the starter period (wk 0 to 3), and cause an increase in the serum HDL-cholesterol level, while decreasing the serum triglyceride concentration. Furthermore, USFA level and USFA/SFA ratios in breast and drumstick meat were increased by dietary supplementation of 2 or 5% olive oil.

Keywords

Carcass Parameters;Fatty Acid Composition;Growth Performance;Serum Characteristics;Olive Oil;Broiler

References

  1. Abaelu, A. M., V. I. Okochi, O. O. Oyesile, J. O. Akinyele and E. O. Akinrinmisi. 1991. Nigerian dietary oils and transport of amino acids in rat intestine. Nig. J. Physiol. Sci. 7:32-27.
  2. Ao, X., J. S. Yoo, J. H. Lee, H. D. Jang, J. P. Wang, T. X. Zhou and I. H. Kim. 2010. Effects of fermented garlic powder on production performance, egg quality, blood profiles and fatty acids composition of egg yolk in laying hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 23:786-791. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.90543
  3. Bolukbasi, S. C. and M. K. Erhan. 2007. Effects of semi replacement of dietary olive oil and corn oil with conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on broiler performance, serum lipoprotein levels, fatty acid composition in muscles and meat quality during refrigerated storage. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 6:262-266.
  4. Cherry, J. A. 1982. Noncaloric effects of age and ambient temperature on the comparative growth of broiler chicks fed tallow and soybean oil. Poult. Sci. 66:273-279.
  5. Chamruspollert, M. and J. L. Sell. 1999. Transfer of dietary conjugated linoleic acid to egg yolks of chickens. Poult. Sci. 78:1138-1150. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/78.8.1138
  6. Crespo, N. and E. Esteve-Garcia. 2001. Dietary fatty acid profile modifies abdominal fat deposition in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 80:71-78. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/80.1.71
  7. Crespo, N. and E. Esteve-Garcia. 2002. Nutrient and fatty acid deposition in broilers fed different dietary fatty acid profiles. Poult. Sci. 81:1533-1542. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/81.10.1533
  8. Crespo, N. and E. Esteve-Garcia. 2003. Polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce insulin and very low density lipoprotein levels in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 82:1134-1139. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/82.7.1134
  9. Dugan, M. E., J. L. Aalhus, A. L.Schaefer and K. G. Kramer. 1997. The effect of conjugated linoleic acid on fat to lean repartitioning and feed conversion in pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 77:723-725. https://doi.org/10.4141/A97-084
  10. El-Deek, A., M, Al-Harthi and H. Abou-Aaak. 2005. The use of olive and sesame oils for feeding heat stressed broiler chicks. Egypt. Poult. Sci. 25:1171-1202.
  11. El Shanti, H. A. Ghazalah, A. Abdel-Khalek and F. Abu-Nada. 2011. XIII the European Poultry Conference, Tours, France.
  12. Foglia, T. A., A. L. Cartwright, R. J. Gyurik and J. G. Philips. 1994. Fatty acid turnover rates in the adipose tissues of the growing chicken (Gallus domesticus). Lipids 29:497-502. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02578247
  13. Hosseini-Vashan, S. J., A. R. Jafari-Sayadi, A. Golian, G. Motaghinia, M. Namvari and M. Hamedi. 2010. Comparison of growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed diets with various energy and constant energy to protein ratio. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 9:2565-2570. https://doi.org/10.3923/javaa.2010.2565.2570
  14. Hornstra, G. and K. Sundram. 1989. The effect of dietary palm oil on cardiovascular risk in man. Abstracts 1989 PORIM International Development Conference 5-9 September, Kuala Lumpur.
  15. Katan, M. B. 2000. Nutritional interventions: The evidence. Proc. Nutr. 59:417-418. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665100000483
  16. Krejci-Treu, T., E. Strakova, P. Suchy and I. Herzig. 2010. Effect of vegetable oil fortified feeds on the content of fatty acids in breast and thigh muscles in broiler chickens. Acta. Vet. Brno. 79:21-28. https://doi.org/10.2754/avb201079S9S021
  17. Lindsey, S., J. Benattar, A. Pronczuk and K. C. Hayes. 1990. Dietary palmitic acidenhances HDL-cholesterol and LDL receptor mRNA abundance in hamsters. Proc. Exp. Biol. Med. 195:261-269. https://doi.org/10.3181/00379727-195-43145
  18. NRC. 1994. Nutrient requirements of poultry. 9th rev. ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  19. Osim, E. E., D. U. Owu and K. M. Etta. 1996. Mean arterial pressure and lipid profile in rats following chronic ingestion of palm oil diets. Afr. J. Med. Med. Sci. 25:335-340.
  20. Ostrowska, E., M. Muralitharan, R. F. Cross, D. E. Bauman and F. R. Dunshea. 1999. Dietary conjugated linoleic acids increase lean tissue and decrease fat deposition in growing pigs. J. Nutr. 129:2037-2042.
  21. Park, Y. K., J. Albright, W. Liu, J. M. Storkson, M. E. Cook and M. W. Pariza.1997. Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on body composition in mice. Lipids 32:853-858. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-997-0109-x
  22. Romboli, I. L., M. Cavalchini, A. Gualtieri, A. Franchini and A. Quarantelli. 1996. Metodologie relative alla macellazione del pollame, alla valutazione e dissezione delle carcasse delle carni avicole. Zootecn. Nutr. Anim. 22:177-180.
  23. Sahito, H. A., R. N. Soomro, A. Memon, M. R. Abro, N. A. Ujjan and A. Rahman. 2012. Effect of fat supplementation on the growth, body temperature and blood cholesterol level of broiler. Glob. Adv. Res. J. Chem. Mater. Sci. 1:23-34.
  24. Sanz, M., A. Flores and C. J. Lopez-Bote. 1999. Effect of fatty acid saturation in broiler diets on abdominal fat and breast muscle fatty acid composition and susceptibility to lipid oxidation. Poult. Sci. 78:378-382. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/78.3.378
  25. Sanz, M., A. Flores and C. J. Lopez-Bote. 2000a. The metabolic use of energy from dietary fat in broilers is affected by fatty acid saturation. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:61-68.
  26. Sanz, M., C. J. Lopez-Bote, D. Menoyo and J. M. Bautista. 2000b. Abdominal fat deposition and fatty acid synthesis are lower and $\beta$-oxidation is higher in broiler chickens fed diets containing unsaturated rather than saturated fat. J. Nutr. 130:3034-3037.
  27. SAS Institute. 1996. SAS user's guide: Statistics. Version 7.0th edn. SAS Institute, Cary, North Carolina.
  28. Schuman, B. E., E. J. Squires and S. Leeson. 2000. Effect of dietary flax seed, flax oil and n-3 fatty acid supplement on hepatic and plasma characteristics relevant to fatty liver haemorrhagic syndrome in laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:465-472. https://doi.org/10.1080/713654970
  29. Shimomura, Y., T. Tamura and M. Suzuki. 1990. Less body fat accumulation in rats fed a safflower oil diet than in rats fed a beef tallow diet. J. Nutr. 120:1291-1296.
  30. Sibbald, I. R. and J. K. G. Kramer. 1980. The effect of the basal diet on the utilization of fat as source of true metabolically energy, lipid, and fatty acid. Poult. Sci. 59:316-324. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0590316
  31. Stark, A. H. and Z. Madar. 2002. Olive oil as a functional food: epidemiology and nutritional approaches. Nutr. Rev. 60:170-176. https://doi.org/10.1301/002966402320243250
  32. Velasco, S., L. T. Ortiz, C. Alzueta, A. Rebolé, J. Treviño and M. L. Rodríguez. 2010. Effect of inulin supplementation and dietary fat source on performance, blood serum metabolites, liver lipids, abdominal fat deposition, and tissue fatty acid composition in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 89:1651-1662. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2010-00687
  33. Zaman, Q. U., T. Mushtaq, H. Nawaz, M. A. Mirza, S. Mahmood, T. Ahmad, M. E. Babar and M. M. H. Mushtaq. 2008. Effect of varying dietary energy and protein on broiler performance in hot climate. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 146:302-312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2008.01.006
  34. Zhang, Z. H., L. Yang, Z. Y. Jiang and Y. C. Lin. 2003. Effect of different fat in the diet on the performance of Lingnan quality chicken. China Feed. 12:17-18 (in Chinese).
  35. Zhou, T. X., Y. J. Chen, J. S. Yoo, Y. Huang, J. H. Jee, H. D. Jang, S. O. Shin, H. J. Kim, J. H. Cho and I. H. Kim. 2009. Effects of chitooligosaccharide supplementation on performance, blood characteristics, relative organ weight, and meat quality in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 88:593-600. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2008-00285

Cited by

  1. Effect of a dietary probiotic, Lactobacillus johnsonii BS15, on growth performance, quality traits, antioxidant ability, and nutritional and flavour substances of chicken meat vol.57, pp.5, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1071/AN15344
  2. Live Probiotic Lactobacillus johnsonii BS15 Promotes Growth Performance and Lowers Fat Deposition by Improving Lipid Metabolism, Intestinal Development, and Gut Microflora in Broilers vol.8, pp.1664-302X, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01073
  3. The Effect of Different Dietary Fats on the Fatty Acid Composition of Several Tissues in Broiler Chickens pp.14387697, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201700237
  4. L.) vol.49, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13564
  5. Effect of Botanical Extracts on Amino Acid and Fatty Acid Profile of Broiler Meat vol.20, pp.3, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2017-0651