Comparative Investigation of Flavors in Cigarettes by Electronic Nose and GC/MS

  • Received : 2013.11.01
  • Accepted : 2013.11.22
  • Published : 2013.12.20

Abstract

An Electronic Nose(E-Nose) and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy (GC/MS) are meanwhile conventional technique to analyze volatile materials in many industries (e.g., food, medicine, environment) and have broad acceptance in the analysis of tobacco products. In this study, an experiment where tin oxide gas sensor array responses and GC/MS profiles are used to characterize the volatile compounds of different cigarettes at the same time is performed and the measurements of two instruments are compared for cigarette samples with a known chemical information. E-Nose and GC/MS were employed to differentiate and match flavored cigarettes with commercial tobacco flavoring agents (lavender, vanilla, peppermint, orange, star anise). For verifying reliability of two systems, the analyses were conducted in terms of amount of flavors in each cigarettes using partial least squares (PLS) and with the principal components analysis (PCA). Various chemical sensors and GC/MS data was reduced into two principal factors (PC1, PC2) for being distinguished with visualized regions. Both systems provided adequate results for odor characteristics of cigarettes in this study with each instrument having its own advantages and disadvantages.

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