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Analysis of the Vibration Characteristics of a High-Speed Train using a Scale Model

축소모델을 통한 고속철도 차량의 진동특성 해석 및 검증

  • Han, Jae Hyun (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hongik University) ;
  • Kim, Tae Min (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hongik University) ;
  • Kim, Jeung Tae (Department of Mechanical System Design Engineering, Hongik University)
  • Received : 2012.06.21
  • Accepted : 2012.11.28
  • Published : 2013.02.28

Abstract

A scaled version of a roller rig is developed to demonstrate the dynamic characteristics of a railway vehicle for academic purposes. This rig is designed based on Jaschinski's similarity law. It is scaled to 1/10 of actual size and allows 9-DOF motion to examine the up and down vibration of a train set. The test rig consists of three sub-hardware components: (i) a driving roller mechanism with a three-phase AC motor and an inverter, (ii) a bogie structure with first and second suspensions, and (iii) the vehicle body. The motor of the rig is capable of 3,600rpm, allowing the test to simulate a vehicle up to a maximum speed of 400Km/hr. Because bearings and joints are properly connected to the sub-structures, various motion analyses, such as a lateral, pitching, and yawing motion, are allowed. The slip motion between the rail and the wheel set is also monitored by several sensors mounted in the rig. After the construction of the hardware, an experiment is conducted to obtain the natural frequencies of the dynamic behavior of the specimen. First, the test rig is run and data are collected from six sets of accelerometers. Then, a numerical analysis of the model based on the ADAMS program is derived. Finally, the measurement data of the first three fundamental frequencies are compared to the analytical result and the validation of the test rig is conducted. The results show that the developed roller rig provides good accuracy in simulating the dynamic behavior of the vehicle motion. Although the roller rig designed in this paper is intended for academia, it can easily be implemented as part of a dynamic experiment of a bogie and a vehicle body for a high-speed train as part of the research efforts in this area.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 철도소음 예측 및 평가를 위한 상사모델 실험기법 연구

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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