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Korean Suicide Risk Screening Tool and its Validity

한국형 자살위험 스크리닝 도구와 타당성

  • 김지은 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
  • 강은정 (순천향대학교 보건행정경영학과) ;
  • 정진욱 (한국보건사회연구원) ;
  • 백종우 (경희대학교병원 정신건강의학과)
  • Received : 2012.11.26
  • Accepted : 2013.02.12
  • Published : 2013.03.28

Abstract

The early detection of suicidal ideation is essential for the prevention of suicide. This study aimed to develop a brief screening tool that can be easily administered in medical settings. The Suicide Risk Screening Tool was designed for use by physicians to provide a screening process that would be reliable, standardized, quick and feasible to implement. A 2-item screening tool was derived from the Screening for Depression and Thoughts of Suicide in the Norton Sound region of Alaska, USA. The scale was modified to reflect the current situation in Korea including the elimination of the personal identification number, and was labeled the Korean Suicide Risk Screening Tool. Its reliability and applicability for medical setting were examined by explanatory study of 7 clinicians. Its validity was examined among a further 325 patients of four different medical institutions, using the results of interviewer-administered survey included demographic, clinical characteristics, and present mental status as the external criterion. A brief 2-item suicide risk screening tool can be used by mental and non-mental health clinicians to accurately detect suicidality in patients.

Keywords

Suicide Risk;Screening;Physicians;Validity

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 보건복지부

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