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Cloning and Expression of the Cyclooxygenase-2 gene in the Rock bream, Oplegnathusfasciatus

돌돔, Oplegnathus fasciatus의 Cyclooxygenase-2 유전자의 cloning 및 발현분석

  • Jin, Ji Woong (Department of Aquatic Life Medicine, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Do Hyung (Department of Aqualife Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Young Chul (Department of Aquatic Life Medicine, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Jeong, Hyun Do (Department of Aquatic Life Medicine, Pukyong National University)
  • 진지웅 (부경대학교 수산생명의학과) ;
  • 김도형 (전남대학교 수산생명의학과) ;
  • 김영철 (부경대학교 수산생명의학과) ;
  • 정현도 (부경대학교 수산생명의학과)
  • Received : 2012.11.09
  • Accepted : 2013.04.02
  • Published : 2013.04.30

Abstract

Megalocytivirus is a major fish pathogen in marine aquaculture of Asian countries including Korea. Despite of many species affected by this pathogen, little is known interaction between megalocytivirus and the fish immune system. One of the cyclooxygenase isoforms, named COX-2, is playing an important role in immune regulation, and distinct from COX-1 isoform of constitutive activity. COX-2 enzyme is induced by various inflammatory signals, including injection of lipopolysaccharide or infection by pathogenic agents. We cloned COX-2 gene in rock bream using degenerated primers designed from reported sequences of other fish species in PCR followed with 5'- and 3'-end RACE-PCR. The full length of cDNA of rbCOX2 (rock bream COX-2) gene are 2655 bp and that translates into 609 amino acids. The rbCOX-2 genomic organization are found to span 10 exons separated by 9 introns. We also studied if the experimental infection of rock bream with megalocytivirus could affect the expression of COX-2 gene. When injected with LPS, expression of the COX-2 gene was reached peak level at 1 day post injection and showed 13.10 fold increased level compared with that of control. While, when injected with megalocytivirus, we were not able to find significantly increased COX-2 gene expression different from that of control. Cloned and analyzed COX-2 gene in rock bream will help to understand defence mechanisms in fish after viral infection and will also support the development of the measures for treatment and prevention of viral infection.

Megalocytivirus는 우리나라를 포함한 아시아 각국의 양식현장에서 고위험성 병원체이다. 그럼에도 불구하고 어류의 면역체계와 megalocytivirus의 상호관계에 관한 연구는 아직 부족한 실정이다. 다양한 연구에서 cyclooxygenase isoform중 COX-1 유전자는 constitutive 하게 발현되며, COX-2 enzyme은 면역반응에 중요한 역할을 한다고 알려져 있다. 또한 COX-2 유전자는 LPS (lipopolysaccharide) 또는 병원체의 감염과 같은 염증반응 시 그 발현이 증가한다고 알려져있다. 본 연구는 다른 어종의 COX-2 유전자를 바탕으로 제작된 degenerated primer와 5'- 그리고 3'-end RACE-PCR을 이용하여 돌돔에서 COX-2 유전자의 전체 염기서열을 밝혔으며, 그 결과 rbCOX-2 (rock bream COX-2)유전자 cDNA의 전체 길이는 2655 bp 였으며, 609개의 아미노산으로 구성되어있었다. rbCOX-2 유전자의 genomic organization은 9개의 intron과 10개의 exon으로 구성되어 있었다. 또한 본 연구에서는 돌돔에 megalocytivirus의 인위감염 시 COX-2 유전자의 발현을 조사하였다. LPS 접종 시 rbCOX-2 유전자는 접종 1일 후 대조구와 비교하여 13.10배 증가하여 최고 발현을 보였으나, megalocytivirus 접종 시 대조구와의 비교에서 유의적인 발현을 확인할 수 없었다. 돌돔에서 COX-2 유전자의 염기서열의 분석과 발현 분석은 바이러스 감염 시 어류의 방어기작을 이해하는데 도움이 될 것이며, 바이러스 백신개발 및 치료제 개발의 기초자료로 활용될 것이다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림수산식품부

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