Effect on Body Balance due to Occlusal Biteplane Splint

교합안정장치가 신체 균형에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2013.01.09
  • Accepted : 2013.03.25
  • Published : 2013.04.28


This study aims to examine the influences of wearing an occlusal biteplane splint on balance of the body. 10 subjects were selected who had neither impaired occlusion and masticating systems nor difficulty in walking along with no medical history in temporomandibular joint. Measurements were conducted with the Fukuda stepping test, the limits of stability test. The level of significance, ${\alpha}$ to determine the statistical significance was .05. Fukuda stepping test and the limits of stability test were put to the Wilcoxon signed test. As a result of this study, there was a significant difference in the moving distance in the Fukuda stepping test (p<.05). In addition, there were significant differences in the results of the limits of stability test (p<.05). In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that wearing the occlusal biteplane splint has an positive influence on the balance of the boby.


Occlusal Biteplane Splint;Balance;Fukuda Stepping Test;Stability of Limit Test


  1. T. Fukuda, "The stepping test," Acta Otolaryngol, Vol.50, No.2, pp.95-108, 1959.
  2. 김연주, 동기유발을 이용한 치료적 중재가 만성 뇌졸증 환자의 기능 화복과 삶의 질에 미치는 효과, 대구대학교 대학원, 2010.
  3. 장기환, 정현자, 이재열, 구강해부학. 2nd, 서울 Komoonsa Medical Science, 2006.
  4. 대한악기능치아교합학회, 치아교합학 용어 및 도해. 3rd. 서울, 신흥인터내셔날, 2000.
  5. D. R. Murphy, CERVICAL SPINE Syndromes, McGraw-Hill Companies, 2000.
  6. S. B. O'Sullivan and T. J. Schmitz, PHYSICAL REHABILITATION, Assessment and Treatment. Four Edition. 2010.
  7. A. C. Fonder, "The Dental distress syndrome, DDS. Rock Falls, III," Medical-Dental Arts, 1990.
  8. T. W. Myers, Anatomy Trains. 2nd. ELSEVIER KOREA, 2009.
  9. D. Palano, G. Molinari, M. Cappelletto, G. Guidetti, and B. Vernole, "The role of stabilometry in assessing the correlations between craniomandibular disorders and equilibrium disorders," Bull Group Int Rech Sci Stomatol Odontol, Vol.37, No.1-2, pp.23-26, 1994.
  10. C. Sherrington, "The Integrative Action of the Nervous System," Yale Universty Press, New Haven, CT, 1906.
  11. 이한숙, 최홍식, 권오윤, 균형조절 요인에 관한 고찰 한국전문물리치료학회지, Vol.3, No.3, pp.82-91, 1996.
  12. J. Hackney, D. Bade, and A. Clawson, "Relationship between forward head posture and diagnosed internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint," J Orofacial Pain. Vol.7, pp.386-390, 1993.
  13. C. Lippold, G. Danesh, M. Schilgen, B. Derup, and L. Hackenberg, "Relationship between thoracic, lordotic, and pelvic inclination and craniofacial morphology in adults," Angle Orthod, Vol.76, pp.779-785, 2006.
  14. S. Brauer, Mediolateral posture stability: changes with age and prediction of fallers, Doctoral Dissertation, Universty of Queensland, 1998(6).
  15. A, Shumway-Cook and M. H. Woollacott, Motor Control : Theory and Practical Applications second edtion, 영문출판사, 2001.
  16. H. Cohen, C. A. Blatchly, and L. L. Gombash, "A study of the clinical test of sensory interaction and balance," Physical Therapy, Vol.73, pp.346-354. 1993.
  17. D. S. Nichols, L. Miller, L. A. Colby, and W. S. Pease, "Sitting balance: Its relation to function in individuals with hemiparesis," Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Vol.77, pp.865-869, 1996.
  18. M. Ragnarsdottir, "The concept of balance," Phys Ther, Vol.82, pp.368-375, 1996.
  19. 백만기, 최신이비인후과학, 일호각, 1997.
  20. C. Walker, B. J. Brouwer, and E. G. Culham, "Use of visual feedback in retraining balance following acute stroke," Phys Ther, Vol.80, pp.886-895, 2000.
  21. R. S. Milani, D. D. De Periere, L. Lapevre, and L. Pourrevron, "Relationship between dental occlusion and posture," Cranio, Vol.18, No.2, pp.127-134, 2000.
  22. 이정원, 유미, 정구영, 이낙범, 권대규, "게임기반의 시각 피드백 훈련이 자세 균형 조절에 미치는 영향", 한국콘텐츠학회지, Vol.12, No.3, pp.25-33, 2012.
  23. 형인혁, 하미숙, "메이트란드 도수치료가 만성요통환자의 즉각적인 동적 균형능력에 미치는 영향", 한국콘텐츠학회논문지, Vol.9, No.6, pp.207-215, 2009.
  24. 자생한방병원 척추디스크센터, 건강의 적신호 턱관절장애, 느낌이 있는 책, 경기, 2009.
  25. A. Cuccia and C. Caradonna, "The relationship between the syomatognathic system and body posure," Department of Oral Science, Vol.64, No.1, pp.61-66, 2009.
  26. 이윤, 최대균, 이성복, "치아교합균형이 자세 중 심에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구", 대한 치과 악관절기능 치아교합 학회지, Vol.19, No.2, pp.57-65, 2003.
  27. 김보선, 교합안정장치가 두경부 근활성과 신체균형에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구, 경희대학교 대학원 치의학과, 석사학위논문. 2002.
  28. V. F. Ferrario, C. Sforza, J. H. Schmitz, and A. Taroni, "Occlusion and center of foot pressure variation : is there a relationship?," J Prorsthet Dent, Vol.76, No.3, pp.302-308, 1996.
  29. 이우식, 알기쉬운 스포츠치의학과 마우스가드제작, 서울, 명문 출판사, 2004.
  30. 정훈, 최대균, 권긍록, 김미자, 스포츠 마우스가드 핸드북, 서울, 군자출판사, 2008.