Influence of Microhardness and Mineral Content on Fluoride Materials Containing Low Concentration with Sodium Fluoride

저농도의 불화나트륨을 함유한 불소제제가 치질의 강도와 화학적 성분에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2013.02.21
  • Accepted : 2013.03.05
  • Published : 2013.04.28


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of gargle and toothpaste containing low concentration with sodium fluoride on the remineralization through the surface microhardness and mineral content in enamel. After 4 weeks-application, the enamel surface was measured using microhardness tester and the calcium (Ca) and phosphorous (P) concentration of mineral content by electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA) analysis. By combining fluoridated gargle with toothpaste, a remineralized enamel resulted in significantly significant differences among the four groups (p<0.05). The Ca change treated with 0.23% fluoridated toothpaste and 0.02% fluoridated gargle with 0.23% toothpaste demonstrated the highest among the other groups. In conclusion. the fluoridated gargle with toothpaste by low concentration showed a significantly greatest synergistic effect on remineralization of the enamel than the other groups.


Fluoridated Gargle;Fluoridated Toothpaste;Remineralization;Microhardness;Mineral Content


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