A Study on the Phenomenological Space Characteristic that Appears on Gangneung Seongyojang - Focusing on Phenomenological Space Theory by Maurice Merleau-Ponty -

강릉 선교장에 나타나는 현상학적 공간특성에 관한 연구 - 메를로-퐁티의 현상학적 공간이론 중심으로 -

  • 유선미 (숙명여자대학교 환경디자인학과) ;
  • 김영원 (홍익대학교 일반대학원 건축학과) ;
  • 서수경 (숙명여자대학교 미술대학 환경디자인학과)
  • Received : 2013.08.31
  • Accepted : 2013.10.11
  • Published : 2013.10.31


This research regards that experiencing certain space according to looking through sensations of body will finally make visual perceptional experience to happen. Our bodies incorporate sensible experience along with interactions with surrounding environment while making movements. The analysis of Seongyojang in Gangleung through top and bottom, depth, movement and experience space which are Merleau Ponty's phenomenological space elements has led to the following conclusions. First, the up and down directivity inherent in Seongyojang has different directions in movements by the axis of plane. Second, the depth by the correlation between things and bodies shows the interactions with things and the depth of space rendered by the servants' quarters of '一字形' and the overlapping effect from the movement between buildings can be seen and felt. Third, mobility is focused on the surroundings for the movements of body and thing. Fourth, the experienced space remains as what it is and is experienced through the experience of traditional cultures. The temporality where the past and the present subsist is given with the application of the modern living pattern in the traditional space. That is, the space from the point of phenomenological view makes the visual-perceptual experience possible through the senses of body, with which the space is experienced and sensed. In other words, the space from the phenomenological viewpoint makes visual-perceptual experience possible through the senses of body so that the space may be experienced and perceived. Through this study, a new viewpoint toward Korean traditional space is expected to be discovered.


Maurice Merleau-Ponty;Phenomenology;Perception;Sequence;Experience;Gangneung Seongyojang