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Factors Affecting Suicidal Ideation in Elderly Attending Community Senior Centers

노인정을 이용하는 지역사회 노인들의 자살생각에 대한 영향 요인

  • Shin, Jin-Ui (Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Dongguk University) ;
  • Baek, Seolhyang (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Dongguk University)
  • 신진의 (동국대학교 대학원 간호학과) ;
  • 백설향 (동국대학교 의과대학 간호학과)
  • Received : 2012.12.12
  • Accepted : 2013.04.19
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

Objectives: As suicide among the elderly population has been a critical issue in Korea, this study aimed to evaluate correlations of suicidal ideation with protective and risk factors among elderly who reside in a rural community. Methods: A total of 157 elders from Gyeongju city, who had attended senior centers in, were enrolled to answer questionnaires including the Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form-Korea and the Scale for Suicidal Ideation. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0K for Windows, and included t-test, Pearson correlation, and a three-step hierarchical multiple regression analyses. Results: Using the hierarchical regression analyses for predicting the elderly's suicidal ideation, male gender and social group variables were entered as predictors in the first step(adjusted $R^2$=0.107, P<0.05). Pain, ADLs, family support variables were not entered in the second step. Depression variable was the only predictor in the third step(adjusted $R^2$=0.384, P<0.001). Conclusions: Although this study confirmed the impact of depression on the suicidal ideation, elderly with risk factors including male gender and social isolation should receive a special attention from community health care professionals.

Keywords

Elderly;Pain;Family support;Depression;Suicidal ideation

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