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A Preliminary Study on Assessment of Urban Parks and Green Zones of Ecological Attributes and Responsiveness to Climate Change

도시공원녹지의 생태성 및 기후변화 대응성 평가 기초 연구

Sung, Hyun-Chan;Hwang, So-Young
성현찬;황소영

  • Received : 2013.06.12
  • Accepted : 2013.06.21
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

Problems in regard of ecological stability of urban ecosystem ensue from climate change and urbanization. Particularly, urban ecological conditions are deteriorating both quantitatively and qualitatively to a great extent. The present study aims to assess the current condition of selected sites (i. e. urban green zones and parks) in terms of preset assessment components; to find out problems and relevant solutions to improve the quality and quantity of parks and green zones; and ultimately to suggest some measures applicable to coping with climate change as well as to securing the ecological attributes of urban green zones and parks. According to the findings of this study, from quantitative perspectives, ecological attributes and responsiveness to climate change are high on account of the large natural-soil area(80%). By contrast, from qualitative perspectives including the planting structure (1 layer: 47%), the percentage of bush area(17%), the connectivity with surrounding green zones (independent types: 44%), the wind paths considered (5.6%), the tree species with high carbon absorption rates (20%), water cycles (17%), energy (8%) and carbon storage capacities(61%), ecological attributes and responsiveness to climate change were found very low. These findings suggest that the ecological values of urban parks and green zones should be improved in the future by conserving their original forms, securing natural-soil grounds and employing multi-layered planting structures and water bodies, and that responsiveness to climate change should be enhanced by planting tree species with high carbon storage capacities and obtaining detention ponds. In sum, robust efforts should be exerted in the initial planning stages, and sustained, to apply the methodology of green-zone development along with securing ecological attributes and responsiveness to climate change.

Keywords

Urban parks;Artificial green space;Natural green space;Assessment component;Carbon storage capacity

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Cited by

  1. The Evaluation of Connectivity between Natural Environment (Forests and Rivers) and Neighborhood Parks Inside Cities in Gyeonggi-do vol.18, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.13087/kosert.2015.18.5.49
  2. An Integrated Assessment of Green Environment on Urban Space vol.17, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.11108/kagis.2014.17.2.015
  3. Planning of Neighborhood Parks for the Disaster Prevention in Jecheon City vol.2, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.17820/eri.2015.2.4.296
  4. A Study on the Ecological Attributes Assessment and Comparison of Urban Parks according to Types of the Surrounding Green Areas vol.18, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.13087/kosert.2015.18.2.119

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부